Cristian Medina
Geological Research at the IGS

Midwestern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)

Status Start Date End Date Locations
completed Jan 1, 2004 Sep 30, 2011 All Counties
Director: Cristian Medina
Other Researchers: John Rupp Jim Brophy (DOGS), Richard Lahann (IGS)
Funding: Battelle Memorial Institute
Issue: Understanding the possibilities of using the deep subsurface environment to hold or "sequester" large volumes of carbon dioxide (CO2) over long periods of time can potentially reduce the amount of CO2 introduced into the atmosphere and help mitigate global warming and climate change.
Objective: The objective of this study is to compile known basic geological attributes of deep oil and gas reservoirs, black shales, coals, and saline aquifers. These attributes will then be assessed with the objective of calculating their ability to effectively store large volumes of liquid CO2. The project is designed to move into a second phase where these candidate formations are tested with a drilling and injection program.
Approach: Records of oil and gas drilling and coal exploration are used to produce an extensive suite of maps that define the physical attributes of each candidate formation. Volumetric calculations are then made to assess the potential volume of CO2 that could be sequestered. In subsequent phases of the project, the ability of the these formations to react with CO2 or slowly leak the liquid will be assessed.
Products: An array of maps, tables, and theoretical volumes, all geographically specific, are to be produced. This will be compiled into a geographic information system (GIS) that will be accompanied by an extensive Web site. This will be done for the three-state (Illinois, western Kentucky, and western Indiana) area that constitutes the Illinois Basin. The Indiana Geological Survey has contributed to products and reports of Phase I and Phase II which emphasised the assessment of the Mount Simon Sandstone as a storage reservoir. Phase III is consentrating on an assessment of the overlying Cambro-Ordovician carbonate and clastic section.
Benefits: These products will be useful for utilities, mining companies, and the general public to further understand the possibilities of using the subsurface environment in the region to help control the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and to help mitigate the effects of global climate change.
Publications:

A preliminary analysis of the carbon dioxide storage capacity in the upper Cambrian basal sandstone of the Midwest region
Medina, C., and Rupp, J., 2009b (Abstract), A preliminary analysis of the carbon dioxide storage capacity in the upper Cambrian basal sandstone of the Midwest region: AAPG Annual Meeting, 7-10 June 2009, Denver, Colorado.

An estimate of carbon dioxide storage capacity in the Upper Cambrian basal sandstone of the Midwest region
Medina, C., and Rupp, J., 2009c (abstract), An estimate of the carbon dioxide storage capacity in the upper Cambrian basal sandstone of the Midwest region: DOE 8th annual CCS Meeting, 4 - 7 May 2009, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Assessment of basin-scale hydrologic impacts of CO¬2 sequestration, Illinois Basin.
Person, M., Banerjee, A., Rupp, J., Medina, C., Lichtner, P., Gable, C., Pawar, R., Celia, M., McIntosh, J., and Bense, V., 2010, Assessment of basin-scale hydrologic impacts of CO¬2 sequestration, Illinois Basin. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, v. 4, p. 840-854.

Carbon Dioxide Storage Capacity in the Upper Cambrian Basal Sandstone of the Midwest Region: A County-Based Analysis
Medina, C., and Rupp, J. A., 2009 (Abstract), Carbon dioxide storage capacity in the upper Cambrian Basal Sandstone of the Midwest Region: a county-based analysis: Eastern Section Meeting of American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Depositional and diagenetic variability within the cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone: implications for carbon dioxide sequestration
Bowen, B.B., Ochoa, R., Wilkens, N.D., Brophy, J., Lovell, T.R., Fischietto, N., Medina, C., and Rupp, J., 2011, Depositional and diagenetic variability within the cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone: implications for carbon dioxide sequestration: Environmental Geosciences 18(2), p. 69-89.

Effects of reduction in porosity and permeability with depth on storage capacity and injectivity in deep saline aquifers: A case study from the Mount Simon Sandstone aquifer.
Medina, C. R., Rupp, J. A., Barnes, D. A. 2011, Effects of reduction in porosity and permeability with depth on storage capacity and injectivity in deep saline aquifers: A case study from the Mount Simon Sandstone aquifer: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 5, p. 146-156.

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