INTRODUCTION: Named for General Lewis Cass in 1828, Cass County has a rich heritage, having grown from its frontier days when the Miami Indiana roamed the forested hills and valleys to its contemporary role as a predominantly agricultural area. The county embraces 265,6000 acres, of which 213,216 are croplands; the remaining 52,384 acres are urban, forested, small water, and other kinds of areas (1967 figures). Most of the county is blanketed by glacial sediments that form the gently rolling upland and that were deposited during the Ice Age and subsequently modified by erosion. The bluffs along the Wabash River afford the greatest topographic relief; their bedrock cores are exposed at many localities along the river's course. Industrial minerals, such as crushed stone and sand and gravel, are derived from the bedrock and the glacial drift. Although mineral production represents only a minor part of the county income, many aspects of daily life in urban and rural communities are influenced by the local geology. Crops are grown in soils that formed on glacial drift. Most of the fresh water is pumped from buried geologic formations. Refuse is isolated in sanitary landfills located in glacial deposits. Construction of nearly every variety involves excavating or boring into the earth materials. Consequently, a knowledge of the local geology is desirable for most facets of planning. This report is intended to provide a background for the character and distribution of geologic material, both at the surface and in the subsurface, throughout the county. On the basis of this information, limestone resources, sand and gravel resources, sanitary landfills, oil and gas production and storage, and water wells are discussed.
Hill, J. R. 1981, Some environmental geologic factors as aids to planning in Cass County, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Special Report 22, 30 p., 15 fig.
You may also like:
Can't find what you're looking for? Feel free to contact us directly:
Publication Sales Office
Indiana Geological and Water Survey
611 North Walnut Grove
Bloomington, IN 47405-2208
IGS Return Policy
All sales are final. Materials may not be returned after they have been accepted by the customer. Any discrepencies in mail orders must be reported to IGWS within 10 days of receipt of order.
The Indiana Geological and Water Survey will refund the purchase price and sales tax of products if returned with the original sales receipt within 10 days of receipt of order. Refunds will be issued with the same method of payment as indicated on the original receipt except for cash purchases, which will be refunded by check. Items must be returned in the same condition as purchased. Refunds on digital products and services are not allowed, except for defective media such as CD-ROMs, flash drives, and so on. The customer is responsible for paying shipping costs to return items.