2020 IMAA Teacher's Workshop
4-day workshop at the IUB Memorial Union in June 2018. Field trip to local quarries. IGWS leads demonstrations, talks, and assists with quarry tours.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
2020 Limestone Month Festival
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
3-D reactive transport modeling of geological CO2 storage in Mount Simon formation
This project aims to build a comprehensive 3-D reactive transport model of Mt. Simon formation in south-west Indiana, and conduct multiple scenarios of CO2 (maybe CO2 alternate water) injection to study the imposed geochemical reactions and their effects on porosity and permeability.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
ASTM testing of the Salem Limestone
Data from the ASTM tests cited have been performed by the Indiana Geological Survey since the early 1950s. These data define physical strength and performance of masonry products fabricated from the Salem Limestone; the data also have been useful to geologists in interpreting depositional environments and diagenetic systems relevant to the Salem Limestone.
Primary Contact: Drew Packman
CarbonSAFE:Wabash
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Central Indiana Water Study Hydrologic Monitoring
Water resource planning requires data related to long-term trends in watershed and aquifer water-budget parameters including precipitation, evapotranspiration (ET, combined loss of water from land surface owing to evaporation and plant transpiration), and groundwater-level fluctuations during both dry and wet periods. The IWBN quantifies these parameters to support data-driven water-resource planning that considers the range of historic hydrologic conditions and regional trends that may arise from a changing climate.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Characterizing aquifer geometrics in Northern IN using geophysical techniques to profile the buried bedrock surface
To improve the density of data related to bedrock depth below the St. Joseph Aquifer System in northeastern St. Joseph and northwestern Elkhart County, we will employ newly developed passive seismic methods. The data will facilitate mapping at an improved resolution the base of the aquifer, where it coincides with the bedrock surface. The methods developed can be applied to valley-fill aquifers in the rest of the state. The enhanced bedrock topography data will also provide hydrologists and health department officials with better tools to investigate the geologic constraints on naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater in deep wells.
Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
Collaborative: A multiple-technique approach for deconvolving tropical cyclone effects on Late Quaternary geomorphic change in arid southwestern North America.
The project will perform: 1) A spatial identification and morphological, pedological (in collaboration with DRI), and sedimentological characterization of alluvial fan units in the Vizcaino and Colorado subregions of the Sonoran Desert. 2) develop a chronology of the identified alluvial fan units. 3) compare the Late Pleistocene chronology to other paleoclimate proxies and in particular to the record in Antinao et al (2016). 4) compare the Holocene chronology to a paleotempestological record on the Pacific coast (to be developed by this project through collaboration with LSU).
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Continuation of scanning out-of-print IGWS publications to post to the IGWS Bookstore and IGWS Archive.
To continue to make sure all publications and products produced by the IGWS are available digitally and are 'discoverable' to both the staff researchers and to the public. To continue to assist the IGWS Photographer with timely completion of IGWS projects and publications.
Primary Contact: Barbara Hill
CRE - Resilient Hoosier Communities - Detailed topographic trail maps, promoting recreational opportunities along Indiana’s Knobstone escarpment
The need for detailed maps in the SWCI region is relevant and essential given the CRE Resilient Communities Goal 3 to increase recreation within the Indiana Uplands region. Providing access information, updated topographic data, trail locations, and other recreational opportunities is truly the first step in enhancing recreation in the area and getting more visitors to the Indiana Uplands region.
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
Critical zone karst observatory
1) Designing and implementing an online registry and inventory system for dye traces that will update IndianaMap and provide notifications to the Indiana Department of Homeland Security and emergency management professionals in the location where such traces occur. a. This project mimics the implementation by the Kentucky Division of Water that provides a record of all dye traces conducted in the state. Information from these dye traces are incorporated into statewide maps that help state agencies create and implement development and construction plans. b. Indiana citizens benefit from this project by having a source of information for active, and justified, projects that define groundwater flow. c. Emergency professionals benefit from this project by having an actively updated source of information to distribute in advance of planned tracing activities or answer questions or concerns from citizens. 2) Soliciting existing dye trace data in state/federal agencies, universities, and consulting firms to enhance the presently existing layer in IndianaMap. a. Decades of dye-trace data are presently scattered among environmental consultants, cave enthusiasts, and state agencies. This project will create and authoritative repository and source for these data. b. This effort enhances existing layers in IndianaMap (http://maps.indiana.edu) by collecting all dye trace data in a free public-accessible and searchable site. 3) Conducting a sequence of dye traces in Harrison/Crawford Counties in collaboration with private landowners, tourist caves, state/federal agencies, and municipalities to better outline the boundaries of groundwater basins. a. This project was specifically requested by Mr. Rand Heazlitt, manager of the Town of Corydon and a co-investor of Indiana Caverns. b. Additional dye tracing will help guide exploration and define the limits of the landscape that contributes water to Indiana Caverns. c. Targeted tracing will also help illustrate the direction and speed of groundwater flow, which can help Mr. Heazlitt leverage state funding to expand the sanitation system of the Town of Corydon in response to increased housing development. 4) Installing a set of field-based geochemical and water-level monitoring instrumentation in caves, wells, and springs of the Blueppring and Lost River karst basins of Lawrence and Orange Counties to provide insight into changes in water chemistry and discharge across the karst basins and during individual storms. a. One outcome of this project is an increased understanding of how the landscape responds to rainfall, which have caused considerable flooding and are projected to become greater in intensity with climate change. b. Data from some sites in this project will be made available online for the public and to visitors of Bluespring Cavern in real time on a website that can be live streamed in the visitor center. 5) Collecting water samples at six (6) locations in the Lost River karst basin that, when combined with the data in project 4, provide unique and valuable insight into the transport of carbon, nutrients, and sediments in an agriculturally intensive landscape. a. The data from projects 4 and 5 will be used to create a comprehensive view of the rate of nutrient and sediment loss from these karst basins. b. Such results are vitally important to better refining the role of karst landscapes in the global carbon cycle. c. Results from this study will provide one node of data that can help model water quality changes in the Mississippi River watershed and better predict the ‘dead zone’ in the Gulf of Mexico caused by excess nutrients.
Primary Contact: Lee Florea
DEAS Temporary Collections Management
- oversee movement of collections to temporary storage - maintain safety and security of collections for duration of temporary custody - incorporate assessment and inventory of collections with ongoing IGWS collections activities at Otis.
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
E-GeoNews 2020-2021
E-GeoNews, the newsletter of the Indiana Geological Survey, exists to inform people about the work and accomplishments of the Survey. It also announces events that are of interest to people interested in geology.
Primary Contact: Deborah DeChurch
Environmental Forecast Matrix PfEC GIS Development
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
Evaluating geologic hazards at Bicycle Basin, Fort Irwin, California
The objective of this project is to determine the most likely driving mechanism for land surface deformation at Bicycle Basin playa. One hypothesis for surface crack/Earth fissure evolution is a tensile failure resulting from differential compaction of the aquifer system as depressurization occurs from groundwater pumping at nearby wells. Such a driving mechanism for Earth fissure development represents relatively deep-seeded stress and strain in the alluvial basin-fill units for which mitigation is likely to entail significant operations. In contrast, the observed presence of giant desiccation cracks in a network pattern across the playa suggests an alternative hypothesis is plausible in which surface cracks form from volume contraction with desiccation of clay-rich sediments. This potential mechanism for crack development represents a near-surface process for which mitigation is a relatively minor operation.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Expanding the Indiana Geological and Water Survey’s contribution to the NGWMN
Groundwater-elevation data are collected primarily to determine how groundwater levels are changing over time. The data from sites with continuous/high-frequency water-level records are also used to assess groundwater-recharge dynamics for various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Feasibility Assessment of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Options in the Central Illinois Basin, Illinois
The Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) will perform work as part of a larger project designed to develop a large-volume, carbon storage complex at an industrial facility in the United States. The objective of the IGS’s research will be to support the evaluation of the subsurface geological sequestration potential for an integrated commercial-scale CO2 capture, transport, and storage system. The IGS will be conducting tasks that contribute to the evaluation of potential storage reservoirs and seals that reside in the subsurface in an area surrounding a series of oil and gas fields located in a series of counties in the central portion of the Illinois Basin, Illinois. This area is host to a number of CO2 generating facilities and therefore a storage system at the site in Macon County could serve as key component of a larger system that integrates multiple sources in the region. A major emphasis of the project will be to develop an effective team capable of addressing the technical, geologic, engineering, economic, legal, policy, and stakeholder elements related to implementation of a real-world CO2 storage project. To assist in the accomplishment of this goal, the IGS will coordinate with the Illinois State Geological Survey staff and other partners in their effort to address the overall needs of the project. The specific emphasis of the IGS contribution to the team will be in the realms of 1) technical assessment of geological systems and 2) evaluation of regional infrastructural and regulatory components.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Fractured Core Pressure-Pulse Decay
Using equipment to analyze pressure transients from three chambers in contact with shale specimens, this work will develop a technology that accounts for both fracture flow and shale anisotropy with suitable throughput for industrial needs. Implementing this strategy will help to optimize resource-recovery strategies from shale reservoirs, which accounts for roughly 60% (and growing) of nationwide hydrocarbon production. Efforts to this point have proven the concept only through computational analyses. This project, through a series of split-sampling comparisons, will prove it through experimental validation. Once proven, the technology will be marketed to commercial core-analysis laboratories and energy companies for licensing.
Primary Contact: Mikey Hannon
FY2019 USGS NGGDPP Grant: IGWS FAIR Data Initiative 2019 – Geochemistry and Critical Minerals
Priority 1 - Evaluating and updating 114 existing metadata records in the National Digital Catalog (NDC); - Inventory and cataloging of 25 boxes of rediscovered geochemical specimens; - Processing sample metadata for International Geological Sample Number (IGSN) registration and ingestion into NDC; Priority 2 - Inventory, cataloging, and digitizing 204 linear feet of industrial minerals records - Inventory, rehouse, and compile condition reports for 7,500 geochemical specimens; - Processing sample metadata for International Geological Sample Number (IGSN) registration and ingestion into NDC; - Creating collection inventory metadata for ingestion in the NDC; Priority 3 - Identifying and providing digital access to publicly available drill core data and information for priority areas with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources; - Describing the relevant mineral information for mineral deposits and occurrences that host critical minerals; - Providing geospatial representation(s) of areas that delineate prospective areas or geologic belts with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources together with supporting datasets; and - Describing critical minerals assets to increase use and understanding, including creating metadata records for submission to the NDC.
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
FY2020 USGS NGGDPP Grant: CARST: Collective Access & Resource Space Tandem for Simultaneous Management of Physical Sample Collections and Digital Assets
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
Geomorphology, Stratigraphy and Chronology of the Flatwoods area, south-central Indiana
The objectives of this study are to compile existing stratigraphic, mineralogic, and geophysical data and couple this with new data collection (passive seismic, deep coring, and geochronology) in order to reconstruct the Quaternary geologic history of the Flatwoods area.
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
iDigBio Digital Data in Biodiversity Research Conference
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
IGWS Library and Archives Management
Short-Term - fulfill CAP goal of creating an item-level inventory of materials - identify and transfer or expunge materials not appropriate for reference library, public records room, or in-house archive - identify materials appropriate for inclusion in IU Archives, prioritize their digitization then transfer them Medium-term - identify and prioritize materials for archival digitization - accurately determine records housing needs for return to renovated building (number of boxes, flat file sizes, rolled storage, etc.) Long-term - increase accessibility to materials - mitigate future loss of materials - create archival environment for housing materials in perpetuity
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
IGWS Specimen and Non-Paper Collections Management
Short-Term - fulfill CAP goal of creating an item-level inventory of materials - document materials damaged in the move to the temporary housing location - identify and transfer or expunge materials not appropriate for repository, education collection, or outreach giveaway activities - reclaim misidentified, partially identified, poorly identified, or unidentified materials for reincorporation in previously curated collections - standardize nomenclature to incorporate into the System for Earth Sample Registration (SESAR) and obtain IGSN numbers Medium-term - identify and clearly differentiate between known donated collections, collections generated through in-house fieldwork, and loaned materials - research and resolve any identified provenance and usage questions or concerns, especially those related to historic "found-in-collection" materials - accurately determine housing issues and needs for materials beyond core library prior to return to renovated building - correlate SESAR nomenclature with Dana, Strunz, Hey's CIM, ABCD-EFG, OGC GeoSciML, and DarwinCore as appropriate (preferably as an automatic, back-end relational assignment within the CMS, especially where the mineralogical classifications are concerned) Long-term - increase accessibility to materials - mitigate future loss of materials - create appropriate archival environment for housing materials in perpetuity
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
IGWS STATEMAP Products Spreadsheet/Database
This task focuses on creating and maintaining a spreadsheet/database that contains information for all the STATEMAP maps and map-related documents that the IGWS has completed and/or submitted to the USGS since 1993. The spreadsheet/database will contain the following information for each map or map-related product: the year that the project was initiated, the name of the mapped area, the map scale, the amount of federal and state dollars contributed to the product, designation of each map as a bedrock or surficial map, the IGWS publication number, the availability of the product from the IGWS Bookstore, the correct citation for the IGWS published and unpublished documents, and the USGS STATEMAP grant number. Using the spreadsheet/database, an updated interactive map will be created to showcase the mapping efforts in the state. This map (located on the STATEMAP webpage) will provide links to published STATEMAP products for the public; another version will provide links to both published and unpublished STATEMAP products for the IGWS staff. The data could also be used to either update the Data Collection Viewer or create a new application, the IGWS Data Hub, to showcase all survey work. A second phase to the project could be to create a StoryMap.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Journal of Earth Sciences - Volume 2
Primary Contact: Deborah DeChurch
Industrial Minerals Directory 2020 Update
Update contact and geological information for industrial mineral producers in the stateof Indiana.
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
Integration of Central Baja California Research Activities
The goal of this IGWS project is to consolidate activities and results from research by the PI and his students at multiple institutions, in a manner that results are efficiently shared with main PIs from the grants explained above. The goal is to take advantage of synergies via sharing ideas, data, collaborating in the field and in laboratory activities.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
IU Bicentennial: Uncovering the Hidden History of Megalonyx jeffersonii to Engage in Indiana University’s Natural History Collections
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Locating and characterizing important springs of the Indiana Uplands
Scour publication archives for historical spring data dating back to 1901; visit 100 springs to sample water quality and compare these results to available historical data; use these data to develop and make available a geospatial database of springs; and develop a crowdsourcing geospatial tool to acquire information on springs and engage residents in communities throughout SWCI.
Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC)
The purpose of this project is to determine if the rock systems in the subsurface of the Illinois Basin are strong enough for effective and permanent storage of carbon dioxide that can contribute to global warming.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Mount Rainier Fumarole Cave Exploration and Science
Primary Contact: Lee Florea
Oral History
Staff at the IGWS will be trained on best practices for oral history interviews by the IU Archives through the IU Bicentennial Campaign. Staff will conduct interviews with retired, emeritus, and/or affiliated staff members with video and audio recordings. The recordings will be submitted to IU Archives for transcription and storage.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
PDMS Well Data Project Fix
The main objective of this project is to merge all of the records by removing the "Records Cornucopia" and adding all of the scanned documents to their correct location in the "Reports" and "Log Info" sections of the PDMS.
Primary Contact: Jayson Eldridge
Petrophysical characterization, regional distribution, and geologic storage suitability of units within the Cambro-Ordovician sequence
The objective of this study is to compile known basic geological attributes of deep oil and gas reservoirs, black shales, coals, and saline aquifers. These attributes will then be assessed with the objective of calculating their ability to effectively store large volumes of liquid CO2. The project is designed to move into a second phase where these candidate formations are tested with a drilling and injection program.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
POTENTIAL FOR CRITICAL MINERALS IN COAL MINING PRODUCTS, BYPRODUCTS, AND REJECTS, WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON RARE EARTH ELEMENTS (REE)
The overall objective of this project is to develop methodologies to identify potential targets for REE recov-ery from the coal value chain. To address this main objective, the more specific goals of this project are to: 1) Determine REE content in Indiana coals and identify coal beds that have highest REE concentrations. Although REE will be the critical elements of particular interest in this project, other elements such as aluminum, phosphorous, uranium, titanium, manganese, gallium, germanium, cobalt, and others will also be examined. These elements are included for bolstering our predictive tools such as principal component analysis, which will allow future explorations for REE to use less expensive methods to locate potential REE resources. 2) Evaluate the distribution of REE in various fractions generated by coal preparation plants: coarse re-fuse, fines, clean coal. The coarse refuse will be of special interest because REE concentrate in min-eral fractions. We expect that coarse refuse from coals having high REE contents as established in point 1 could be targets for REE recovery. 3) Investigate REE concentration in pulverized rejects from power plants and fly ash and bottom ash generated from Indiana coals. Because, as mentioned above, REE are dominantly associated with mineral fractions, they are concentrated in the mineral and glass phases of coal ashes. Special effort will be put into obtaining coal ash from the coals of increased REE concentrations, as established in point 1; 4) Assess REE potential in acid-mine drainage (AMD). AMD contains REEs in dissolved form, making them less expensive to process although concentrations are much lower than in raw coal material or coal combustion concentrates. Preliminary data suggest a strong correlation of REEs to aluminum and magnesium in AMD, indicative of a noncoal detrital clay association, which becomes soluble under acidic conditions. 5) Based on 1–4, identify set of geological/chemical attributes that can be used as proxies for “sweet spots” for REE. We will use selected statistical methods, for example, principal component analysis (PCA) to identify associations of REE with other elements, coal properties, geographic location, etc. These attributes will be used as a predictive tool for elevated occurrences of REE and ultimately will help to delineate best targets for future recovery.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Public Presentations and Tours
Engage public in earth science topics and issues.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Social Media
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
State Park Geology Guides
This project will update the state park guides published in 1974-1988 and create new guides for for other state park locations. The guides will be made available on the IGWS website, DNR Resource webpage, and distributed to DNR personnel.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
StateMap 2019 - Knox
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
StateMap 2019 - South Bend
The goal of this project is to develop a Quaternary geology stratigraphy, presented as a 2D map, that helps in building a 3D geological mapping of the state.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
StateMap 2022 Bedford Quad
The objective for this project is to be able to produce a high quality geological map within one year, showing formation contacts for the northern half of the Bedford quadrangle, extending northward from Mitchell to the northern most part of the quadrangle, along the southern most shore of Monroe Lake. The next objective would be to continue mapping southward so that the entire Bedford quadrangle would be completely mapped by the end of the second year.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
The Indiana Water Balance Network
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to monitor trends in water loss and gain for different components of the hydrologic cycle in various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Update of the Indiana Geological and Water Survey History for the IU Bicentennial
Update the IGWS history document produced by Patton (1988)
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
US-China Clean Energy Research Center, Advanced Coal Technology Consortium
The objective of the CERC-ACTC program is to advance R&D on Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technology such that it may play an integral role in mitigating CO2 emissions over the coming decades.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Whetstone StoryMap
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon