2022 Indiana Master Naturalist
This project aims to pilot a new Indiana Master Naturalist program in Monroe County. The 10-week course will be taught in the new IGWS Learning Lab and allow the Survey to expand its adult-oriented programming by connecting natural resource organizations with non-traditional users.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
3-D reactive transport modeling of geological CO2 storage in Mount Simon formation
This project aims to build a comprehensive 3-D reactive transport model of Mt. Simon formation in south-west Indiana, and conduct multiple scenarios of CO2 (maybe CO2 alternate water) injection to study the imposed geochemical reactions and their effects on porosity and permeability.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Acquisition of Control Points Throughout Indiana for Accurate Calibration of the Tromino Geophone
Our objective is to create a data base which will contain the frequencies for depth to bedrock throughout the state of Indiana. This would allow researchers to be able to properly create calibration curves that are specific to the region where research is being conducted. This would facilitate more accurate interpretations of data collected using the Tromino during research conducted by the survey. Data could be accessible by academic and/or industry researchers as a service provided by IGWS.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
ASSESSING PELLET FUELS QUALITY: USING PETROGRAPHICAL METHODS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF IMPURTITES
The goal of our cooperative project is to: 1) Improve the methods of petrographic impurities identification 2) Develop and test petrographic pellet impurities classification 3) Test the quality of US pellets (nobody done this yet) 4) Publish article about importance of the petrographic method in pellet standards 5) Present the work at the Pellet Fuels Institute Annual Conference (June 24-26, 2020 at the Hyatt Regency in Milwaukee, WI) 6) Propose to the Pellet Fuels Institute idea of including petrographic method in pellet quality assurance and product certification.
Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
Assessment of geologic and hydrogeologic properties of formations within the Indiana portion of the Illinois Basin for geologic energy storage
The objective of this project is to work with the United States Geological Survey to identify available data that can be applied to research related to geologic energy storage in the Indiana portion of the Illinois Basin. Additionally, data gaps will be identified for future projects to address.
Primary Contact: Ryan Kammer
Carbon Ore, Rare Earth and Critical Minerals (CORE-CM) Initiative for U.S., Basins
The overall objective of this project is to assess availability of coal/coal waste/coal combustion products/AMD in Indiana that could potentially serve as sources of REE.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
CarbonSAFE:Wabash
Primary Contact: Ryan Kammer
Central Indiana Water Study Hydrologic Monitoring
Water resource planning requires data related to long-term trends in watershed and aquifer water-budget parameters including precipitation, evapotranspiration (ET, combined loss of water from land surface owing to evaporation and plant transpiration), and groundwater-level fluctuations during both dry and wet periods. The IWBN quantifies these parameters to support data-driven water-resource planning that considers the range of historic hydrologic conditions and regional trends that may arise from a changing climate.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Characterizing aquifer geometrics in Northern IN using geophysical techniques to profile the buried bedrock surface
To improve the density of data related to bedrock depth below the St. Joseph Aquifer System in northeastern St. Joseph and northwestern Elkhart County, we will employ newly developed passive seismic methods. The data will facilitate mapping at an improved resolution the base of the aquifer, where it coincides with the bedrock surface. The methods developed can be applied to valley-fill aquifers in the rest of the state. The enhanced bedrock topography data will also provide hydrologists and health department officials with better tools to investigate the geologic constraints on naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater in deep wells.
Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
Collaborative: A multiple-technique approach for deconvolving tropical cyclone effects on Late Quaternary geomorphic change in arid southwestern North America.
The project will perform: 1) A spatial identification and morphological, pedological (in collaboration with DRI), and sedimentological characterization of alluvial fan units in the Vizcaino and Colorado subregions of the Sonoran Desert. 2) develop a chronology of the identified alluvial fan units. 3) compare the Late Pleistocene chronology to other paleoclimate proxies and in particular to the record in Antinao et al (2016). 4) compare the Holocene chronology to a paleotempestological record on the Pacific coast (to be developed by this project through collaboration with LSU).
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Data Preservation: Priority 2 –Strategic planning for data preservation related to coal-coal waste-coal combustion products chain in Indiana
The objective of this project is to develop a strategy for data preservation related to the coal/coal waste/coal combustion products/AMD chain, including both the existing data and also data that will be acquired in the future.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Distance Learning
The objective is to create a series of distance learning webinars that will connect Indiana teachers and students to geoscience careers and research.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Early Pennsylvanian Sediment Routing in the U.S. Eastern Interior
This study will apply source-to-sink methods to constrain the drainage basin boundaries of Early Pennsylvanian fluvial systems in the Illinois basin and neighboring basins.
Primary Contact: Isaac Allred
Earth MRI - Pennsylvanian paleosols
The objectives are to establish understanding of the variations of REE and other trace lelements in paleosols and identifiy those zones that could be considered a potential resource.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
E-GeoNews 2022-2023
E-GeoNews, the newsletter of the Indiana Geological and Water Survey, exists to inform people about the work and accomplishments of the Survey. It also announces events that are of interest to people interested in geology.
Primary Contact: Sara Clifford
Eppley Institute - Monroe County Park Maps
Provide updated maps and analysis for Eppley report and for the county.
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
Expanding the Indiana Geological and Water Survey’s contribution to the NGWMN
Groundwater-elevation data are collected primarily to determine how groundwater levels are changing over time. The data from sites with continuous/high-frequency water-level records are also used to assess groundwater-recharge dynamics for various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Expanding the Indiana Geological and Water Survey’s contribution to the NGWMN
Groundwater-elevation data are collected primarily to determine how groundwater levels are changing over time. The data from sites with continuous/high-frequency water-level records are also used to assess groundwater-recharge dynamics for various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
FY2020 USGS NGGDPP Grant: CARST: Collective Access & Resource Space Tandem for Simultaneous Management of Physical Sample Collections and Digital Assets
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
FY2022 USGS NGGDPP: IGWS FAIR Data Initiative 2022 – Records Center and Server Salvage
• Purchase 5,000 Hollinger boxes and label sleeves to store records on new high-density shelving • Inventory and rehouse 693.4 LF of petroleum industry records • Merge, reduce, and rehouse 101.3 LF of duplicated gamma log records • Organize, describe, and ingest into ResourceSpace 26,000 core photographs and interpreted X-ray fluorescence data pdfs • Update National Digital Catalog records (NDC)
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
FY22 Traveling Discovery Trunks
Provide themed traveling discovery trunks that the general public (teachers, scout leaders, outreach groups) can loan for 2 weeks from the IGWS. Each trunk will contain real specimens and/or replicas, a curriculum guide, and assorted support materials.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Geoheritage
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Geomorphology, Stratigraphy and Chronology of the Flatwoods area, south-central Indiana
The objectives of this study are to compile existing stratigraphic, mineralogic, and geophysical data and couple this with new data collection (passive seismic, deep coring, and geochronology) in order to reconstruct the Quaternary geologic history of the Flatwoods area.
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
IGWS ResourceSpace DAMS Content Curation and System Refinement
Addition of metadata to collections ingested into RS, digital curation and ingest of IGWS materials, alterations and refinements of elements of RS system.
Primary Contact: Will Knauth
IGWS STATEMAP Products Spreadsheet/Database
This task focuses on creating and maintaining a spreadsheet/database that contains information for all the STATEMAP maps and map-related documents that the IGWS has completed and/or submitted to the USGS since 1993. The spreadsheet/database will contain the following information for each map or map-related product: the year that the project was initiated, the name of the mapped area, the map scale, the amount of federal and state dollars contributed to the product, designation of each map as a bedrock or surficial map, the IGWS publication number, the availability of the product from the IGWS Bookstore, the correct citation for the IGWS published and unpublished documents, and the USGS STATEMAP grant number. Using the spreadsheet/database, an updated interactive map will be created to showcase the mapping efforts in the state. This map (located on the STATEMAP webpage) will provide links to published STATEMAP products for the public; another version will provide links to both published and unpublished STATEMAP products for the IGWS staff. The data could also be used to either update the Data Collection Viewer or create a new application, the IGWS Data Hub, to showcase all survey work. A second phase to the project could be to create a StoryMap.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Geological Survey Geologic Names Information System
The database will facilitate labeling stratigraphic data in IGWS digital and paper archives, aid IGWS researchers in locating current geologic nomenclature for their publications, and provide web-based access to IGWS geologic nomenclature to a broad spectrum of users from academia, industry, government, and the general public.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Journal of Earth Sciences - Volume 4
Primary Contact: Sara Clifford
Indiana Limestone Photo Collection - University of Michigan School of Information Student Digital Curation Project
Have a subsection of the ILPC in Resource Space by the conclusion of the project with all currently extant metadata description attached. As well as to add depth to metadata descriptions for greater accessibility and utility. Generate effective workflows to guide similar work in the future.
Primary Contact: Will Knauth
Integration of Central Baja California Research Activities
The goal of this IGWS project is to consolidate activities and results from research by the PI and his students at multiple institutions, in a manner that results are efficiently shared with main PIs from the grants explained above. The goal is to take advantage of synergies via sharing ideas, data, collaborating in the field and in laboratory activities.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Learning Lab
This project will serve as an example for hands-on learning with collections on the IU campus.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Locating and characterizing important springs of the Indiana Uplands
Scour publication archives for historical spring data dating back to 1901; visit 100 springs to sample water quality and compare these results to available historical data; use these data to develop and make available a geospatial database of springs; and develop a crowdsourcing geospatial tool to acquire information on springs and engage residents in communities throughout SWCI.
Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
National Mesonet Program
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
National Water Quality Leadership & Partnerships
To build partnerships throughout the state of Indiana that would support the development of unified educational program centered around water quality, drinking water, and actions for improvement.
Primary Contact: Ginger Davis
Open Access Publications: RS/Bookstore/IUSW
To process IGWS publications for accessibility and ensure an accurate asset entry and retrieval option is in place for all Open Access Pubs. This will be accomplished in three repository locations, ResourceSpace, IUScholarWorks, and the IGWS bookstore; with all relevant data stored in IU secured cold data storage.
Primary Contact: Will Knauth
PDMS Fix 2022-2024
The main objective of this project is to merge all of the records by removing the "Records Cornucopia" and adding all of the scanned documents to their correct location in the "Reports" and "Log Info" sections of the PDMS. The method for obtaining records in the future may also be changed so that the PDMS can be maintained more easily.
Primary Contact: Ryan Kammer
PDMS Maintenance 2022
The long-term goal is to populate the PDMS with current and historical data for petroleum wells and fields in Indiana.
Primary Contact: Ryan Kammer
Peoria Loess Chronology and Provenance
This project will determine the provenance and chronology of deposition of Peoria Loess during the last glacial period in central Indiana.
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
Piloting the OSDU platform for inter-state geological survey data management for synthetic 3D mapping initiative
This project will evaluate the efficacy of the OSDU data platform and determine whether or not the OSDU is a suitable candidate for enterprise data management for the IGWS and the energy, stratigraphy, and other data siloes.
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
POTENTIAL FOR CRITICAL MINERALS IN COAL MINING PRODUCTS, BYPRODUCTS, AND REJECTS, WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON RARE EARTH ELEMENTS (REE)
The overall objective of this project is to develop methodologies to identify potential targets for REE recov-ery from the coal value chain. To address this main objective, the more specific goals of this project are to: 1) Determine REE content in Indiana coals and identify coal beds that have highest REE concentrations. Although REE will be the critical elements of particular interest in this project, other elements such as aluminum, phosphorous, uranium, titanium, manganese, gallium, germanium, cobalt, and others will also be examined. These elements are included for bolstering our predictive tools such as principal component analysis, which will allow future explorations for REE to use less expensive methods to locate potential REE resources. 2) Evaluate the distribution of REE in various fractions generated by coal preparation plants: coarse re-fuse, fines, clean coal. The coarse refuse will be of special interest because REE concentrate in min-eral fractions. We expect that coarse refuse from coals having high REE contents as established in point 1 could be targets for REE recovery. 3) Investigate REE concentration in pulverized rejects from power plants and fly ash and bottom ash generated from Indiana coals. Because, as mentioned above, REE are dominantly associated with mineral fractions, they are concentrated in the mineral and glass phases of coal ashes. Special effort will be put into obtaining coal ash from the coals of increased REE concentrations, as established in point 1; 4) Assess REE potential in acid-mine drainage (AMD). AMD contains REEs in dissolved form, making them less expensive to process although concentrations are much lower than in raw coal material or coal combustion concentrates. Preliminary data suggest a strong correlation of REEs to aluminum and magnesium in AMD, indicative of a noncoal detrital clay association, which becomes soluble under acidic conditions. 5) Based on 1–4, identify set of geological/chemical attributes that can be used as proxies for “sweet spots” for REE. We will use selected statistical methods, for example, principal component analysis (PCA) to identify associations of REE with other elements, coal properties, geographic location, etc. These attributes will be used as a predictive tool for elevated occurrences of REE and ultimately will help to delineate best targets for future recovery.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Quake Cottage/NEHRP 10
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Shale Gas: Geochemical and Physical Constraints on Genesis, Storage, and Producibility
This project is comprised of two tasks related to shale gas: (1) Study of porosity in shale; and (2) Generation of catalytic shale gas. Each task focuses on an individual aspect in need of basic shale research for industrial and environmental reasons. For task 1, for the next 3 years, we intend to investigate links between porosity and permeability and ultimately producibility of hydrocarbons from shale. For task 2 we will study mechanisms of catalysis in shales. So far, the mechanism of geocatalytic shale gas generation remains elusive.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Solid Biomass Energy
1) Create/improve the method of petrographic quality assessment for wider range of solid biomass products (including intermediate crops, crop by-products, grass, and other agricultural waste). 2) Expand our research expertise into growing biomass technologies like gasification (holzgas), torrefaction (biomass suitable for co-firing in coal-fired power plants), and anaerobic digestion (production of a methane-rich biogas from wet biomass sources). 3) Investigate relationships between raw fuel composition and the properties of their combustion and gasification emissions with a focus on parameters that could be used to predict the environmental and health impacts of fuel use. 4) Promote the idea of including petrographic analysis in solid biomass quality assurance testing and product certification with manuscripts, and presentations. 5) Expand collaboration with international universities and industry. 6) Create an "umbrella" center.
Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
StateMap 2021 Program
Create new maps that include: 1) bedrock mapping in the southern half of the Bedford quadrangle in south-central Indiana, 2) bedrock mapping in northern half of the Madison, Falmouth, and Louisville quadrangles in southeast Indiana, and 3) unconsolidated mapping of ice-marginal sediments between the cities of Jasper and Washington in south-central Indiana
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
StateMap 2022 Bedford Quad
The objective for this project is to be able to produce a high quality geological map within one year, showing formation contacts for the northern half of the Bedford quadrangle, extending northward from Mitchell to the northern most part of the quadrangle, along the southern most shore of Monroe Lake. The next objective would be to continue mapping southward so that the entire Bedford quadrangle would be completely mapped by the end of the second year.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
The Indiana Water Balance Network
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to monitor trends in water loss and gain for different components of the hydrologic cycle in various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
The Indiana Water Balance Network - 2
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to to monitor long-term trends for various components of the hydrologic cycle, including near-surface atmospheric conditions, soil physical parameters, and groundwater level.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Uplands Drinking Water: Formative research with stakeholders to support reliable, safe, and affordable water
We will systematically gather the perspectives of professional stakeholders who are involved in managing the region’s drinking water, to pinpoint actions towards ensuring access to reliable, safe, and affordable drinking water for the Indiana Uplands. The project will focus particular attention on these aspects of the region’s drinking water: 1)Characterizing the current landscape of drinking water sources in the Uplands. This will include estimating the population having access to a regulated community water supply, and the population relying on unregulated sources (private wells, cisterns, ponds, other). 2)Enumerating the key concerns of professional stakeholders about the reliability, safety, palatability, and affordability of drinking water, and the main challenges they describe for regulated, community water systems and unregulated water systems. 3)Eliciting these stakeholders’ observations of local people’s drinking water consumption (or lack thereof) in their service regions. 4)Identifying and building consensus around needed updates to southern Indiana’s water infrastructure, including outlining potential options for greening this infrastructure (e.g., by decreasing energy used to produce and process water).
Primary Contact: Ginger Davis