2019-2020 Master Naturalist Program
Educate Master Naturalist participants about the geology of Indiana.
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
2020 IGWS Calendar
By using a portion of the IGWS digital collection of mineral images in the production of our 2020 IGWS calendar, it will provide a marketing tool with which our clientele can better visualize geologic mineral specimens. The calendar also will promote the fact that the IGWS has diverse collections of digital images, not only geologic in nature, but beautiful, as well. It will show the public how geology can be used as modern frame-able wall art and combined with the practicality of a calendar.
Primary Contact: Barbara Hill
2020 IMAA Teacher's Workshop
4-day workshop at the IUB Memorial Union in June 2018. Field trip to local quarries. IGWS leads demonstrations, talks, and assists with quarry tours.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
2020 Limestone Month Festival
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Our objective is to create a data base which will contain the frequencies for depth to bedrock throughout the state of Indiana. This would allow researchers to be able to properly create calibration curves that are specific to the region where research is being conducted. This would facilitate more accurate interpretations of data collected using the Tromino during research conducted by the survey. Data could be accessible by academic and/or industry researchers as a service provided by IGWS.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
Annual submission of bibliographic information of geologic maps in Indiana to USGS
Ensure that geologic maps published by the IGS and other Indiana geologic maps are properly represented in the USGS Map Catalog.
Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
ASTM testing of the Salem Limestone
Data from the ASTM tests cited have been performed by the Indiana Geological Survey since the early 1950s. These data define physical strength and performance of masonry products fabricated from the Salem Limestone; the data also have been useful to geologists in interpreting depositional environments and diagenetic systems relevant to the Salem Limestone.
Primary Contact: Drew Packman
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Characterizing aquifer geometrics in Northern IN using geophysical techniques to profile the buried bedrock surface
To improve the density of data related to bedrock depth below the St. Joseph Aquifer System in northeastern St. Joseph and northwestern Elkhart County, we will employ newly developed passive seismic methods. The data will facilitate mapping at an improved resolution the base of the aquifer, where it coincides with the bedrock surface. The methods developed can be applied to valley-fill aquifers in the rest of the state. The enhanced bedrock topography data will also provide hydrologists and health department officials with better tools to investigate the geologic constraints on naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater in deep wells.
Primary Contact: Shawn Naylor
Collaborative: A multiple-technique approach for deconvolving tropical cyclone effects on Late Quaternary geomorphic change in arid southwestern North America.
The project will perform: 1) A spatial identification and morphological, pedological (in collaboration with DRI), and sedimentological characterization of alluvial fan units in the Vizcaino and Colorado subregions of the Sonoran Desert. 2) develop a chronology of the identified alluvial fan units. 3) compare the Late Pleistocene chronology to other paleoclimate proxies and in particular to the record in Antinao et al (2016). 4) compare the Holocene chronology to a paleotempestological record on the Pacific coast (to be developed by this project through collaboration with LSU).
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Continuation of scanning out-of-print IGWS publications to post to the IGWS Bookstore and IGWS Archive.
To continue to make sure all publications and products produced by the IGWS are available digitally and are 'discoverable' to both the staff researchers and to the public. To continue to assist the IGWS Photographer with timely completion of IGWS projects and publications.
Primary Contact: Barbara Hill
CRE - Resilient Hoosier Communities - Detailed topographic trail maps, promoting recreational opportunities along Indiana’s Knobstone escarpment
The need for detailed maps in the SWCI region is relevant and essential given the CRE Resilient Communities Goal 3 to increase recreation within the Indiana Uplands region. Providing access information, updated topographic data, trail locations, and other recreational opportunities is truly the first step in enhancing recreation in the area and getting more visitors to the Indiana Uplands region.
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
Critical zone karst observatory
1) Designing and implementing an online registry and inventory system for dye traces that will update IndianaMap and provide notifications to the Indiana Department of Homeland Security and emergency management professionals in the location where such traces occur. a. This project mimics the implementation by the Kentucky Division of Water that provides a record of all dye traces conducted in the state. Information from these dye traces are incorporated into statewide maps that help state agencies create and implement development and construction plans. b. Indiana citizens benefit from this project by having a source of information for active, and justified, projects that define groundwater flow. c. Emergency professionals benefit from this project by having an actively updated source of information to distribute in advance of planned tracing activities or answer questions or concerns from citizens. 2) Soliciting existing dye trace data in state/federal agencies, universities, and consulting firms to enhance the presently existing layer in IndianaMap. a. Decades of dye-trace data are presently scattered among environmental consultants, cave enthusiasts, and state agencies. This project will create and authoritative repository and source for these data. b. This effort enhances existing layers in IndianaMap (http://maps.indiana.edu) by collecting all dye trace data in a free public-accessible and searchable site. 3) Conducting a sequence of dye traces in Harrison/Crawford Counties in collaboration with private landowners, tourist caves, state/federal agencies, and municipalities to better outline the boundaries of groundwater basins. a. This project was specifically requested by Mr. Rand Heazlitt, manager of the Town of Corydon and a co-investor of Indiana Caverns. b. Additional dye tracing will help guide exploration and define the limits of the landscape that contributes water to Indiana Caverns. c. Targeted tracing will also help illustrate the direction and speed of groundwater flow, which can help Mr. Heazlitt leverage state funding to expand the sanitation system of the Town of Corydon in response to increased housing development. 4) Installing a set of field-based geochemical and water-level monitoring instrumentation in caves, wells, and springs of the Blueppring and Lost River karst basins of Lawrence and Orange Counties to provide insight into changes in water chemistry and discharge across the karst basins and during individual storms. a. One outcome of this project is an increased understanding of how the landscape responds to rainfall, which have caused considerable flooding and are projected to become greater in intensity with climate change. b. Data from some sites in this project will be made available online for the public and to visitors of Bluespring Cavern in real time on a website that can be live streamed in the visitor center. 5) Collecting water samples at six (6) locations in the Lost River karst basin that, when combined with the data in project 4, provide unique and valuable insight into the transport of carbon, nutrients, and sediments in an agriculturally intensive landscape. a. The data from projects 4 and 5 will be used to create a comprehensive view of the rate of nutrient and sediment loss from these karst basins. b. Such results are vitally important to better refining the role of karst landscapes in the global carbon cycle. c. Results from this study will provide one node of data that can help model water quality changes in the Mississippi River watershed and better predict the ‘dead zone’ in the Gulf of Mexico caused by excess nutrients.
Primary Contact: Lee Florea
DEAS Temporary Collections Management
- oversee movement of collections to temporary storage - maintain safety and security of collections for duration of temporary custody - incorporate assessment and inventory of collections with ongoing IGWS collections activities at Otis.
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
Digitization PEN: Paleoniches on the western Cincinnati arch, the Ordovician of Indiana
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
Elkhart Statemap 18
Develop a continuous mapping coverage at a regional scale for northern Indiana that can be used for planning purposes.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Environmental Forecast Matrix PfEC GIS Development
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
Evaluating geologic hazards at Bicycle Basin, Fort Irwin, California
The objective of this project is to determine the most likely driving mechanism for land surface deformation at Bicycle Basin playa. One hypothesis for surface crack/Earth fissure evolution is a tensile failure resulting from differential compaction of the aquifer system as depressurization occurs from groundwater pumping at nearby wells. Such a driving mechanism for Earth fissure development represents relatively deep-seeded stress and strain in the alluvial basin-fill units for which mitigation is likely to entail significant operations. In contrast, the observed presence of giant desiccation cracks in a network pattern across the playa suggests an alternative hypothesis is plausible in which surface cracks form from volume contraction with desiccation of clay-rich sediments. This potential mechanism for crack development represents a near-surface process for which mitigation is a relatively minor operation.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Expanding the Indiana Geological and Water Survey’s contribution to the NGWMN
Groundwater-elevation data are collected primarily to determine how groundwater levels are changing over time. The data from sites with continuous/high-frequency water-level records are also used to assess groundwater-recharge dynamics for various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Shawn Naylor
Feasibility Assessment of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Options in the Central Illinois Basin, Illinois
The Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) will perform work as part of a larger project designed to develop a large-volume, carbon storage complex at an industrial facility in the United States. The objective of the IGS’s research will be to support the evaluation of the subsurface geological sequestration potential for an integrated commercial-scale CO2 capture, transport, and storage system. The IGS will be conducting tasks that contribute to the evaluation of potential storage reservoirs and seals that reside in the subsurface in an area surrounding a series of oil and gas fields located in a series of counties in the central portion of the Illinois Basin, Illinois. This area is host to a number of CO2 generating facilities and therefore a storage system at the site in Macon County could serve as key component of a larger system that integrates multiple sources in the region. A major emphasis of the project will be to develop an effective team capable of addressing the technical, geologic, engineering, economic, legal, policy, and stakeholder elements related to implementation of a real-world CO2 storage project. To assist in the accomplishment of this goal, the IGS will coordinate with the Illinois State Geological Survey staff and other partners in their effort to address the overall needs of the project. The specific emphasis of the IGS contribution to the team will be in the realms of 1) technical assessment of geological systems and 2) evaluation of regional infrastructural and regulatory components.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Fractured Core Pressure-Pulse Decay
Using equipment to analyze pressure transients from three chambers in contact with shale specimens, this work will develop a technology that accounts for both fracture flow and shale anisotropy with suitable throughput for industrial needs. Implementing this strategy will help to optimize resource-recovery strategies from shale reservoirs, which accounts for roughly 60% (and growing) of nationwide hydrocarbon production. Efforts to this point have proven the concept only through computational analyses. This project, through a series of split-sampling comparisons, will prove it through experimental validation. Once proven, the technology will be marketed to commercial core-analysis laboratories and energy companies for licensing.
Primary Contact: Mikey Hannon
FY2019 USGS NGGDPP Grant: IGWS FAIR Data Initiative 2019 – Geochemistry and Critical Minerals
Priority 1 - Evaluating and updating 114 existing metadata records in the National Digital Catalog (NDC); - Inventory and cataloging of 25 boxes of rediscovered geochemical specimens; - Processing sample metadata for International Geological Sample Number (IGSN) registration and ingestion into NDC; Priority 2 - Inventory, cataloging, and digitizing 204 linear feet of industrial minerals records - Inventory, rehouse, and compile condition reports for 7,500 geochemical specimens; - Processing sample metadata for International Geological Sample Number (IGSN) registration and ingestion into NDC; - Creating collection inventory metadata for ingestion in the NDC; Priority 3 - Identifying and providing digital access to publicly available drill core data and information for priority areas with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources; - Describing the relevant mineral information for mineral deposits and occurrences that host critical minerals; - Providing geospatial representation(s) of areas that delineate prospective areas or geologic belts with the potential for hosting critical mineral resources together with supporting datasets; and - Describing critical minerals assets to increase use and understanding, including creating metadata records for submission to the NDC.
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
Geomorphology, Stratigraphy and Chronology of the Flatwoods area, south-central Indiana
The objectives of this study are to compile existing stratigraphic, mineralogic, and geophysical data and couple this with new data collection (passive seismic, deep coring, and geochronology) in order to reconstruct the Quaternary geologic history of the Flatwoods area.
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
IGWS Library and Archives Management
Short-Term - fulfill CAP goal of creating an item-level inventory of materials - identify and transfer or expunge materials not appropriate for reference library, public records room, or in-house archive - identify materials appropriate for inclusion in IU Archives, prioritize their digitization then transfer them Medium-term - identify and prioritize materials for archival digitization - accurately determine records housing needs for return to renovated building (number of boxes, flat file sizes, rolled storage, etc.) Long-term - increase accessibility to materials - mitigate future loss of materials - create archival environment for housing materials in perpetuity
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
IGWS Specimen and Non-Paper Collections Management
Short-Term - fulfill CAP goal of creating an item-level inventory of materials - document materials damaged in the move to the temporary housing location - identify and transfer or expunge materials not appropriate for repository, education collection, or outreach giveaway activities - reclaim misidentified, partially identified, poorly identified, or unidentified materials for reincorporation in previously curated collections - standardize nomenclature to incorporate into the System for Earth Sample Registration (SESAR) and obtain IGSN numbers Medium-term - identify and clearly differentiate between known donated collections, collections generated through in-house fieldwork, and loaned materials - research and resolve any identified provenance and usage questions or concerns, especially those related to historic "found-in-collection" materials - accurately determine housing issues and needs for materials beyond core library prior to return to renovated building - correlate SESAR nomenclature with Dana, Strunz, Hey's CIM, ABCD-EFG, OGC GeoSciML, and DarwinCore as appropriate (preferably as an automatic, back-end relational assignment within the CMS, especially where the mineralogical classifications are concerned) Long-term - increase accessibility to materials - mitigate future loss of materials - create appropriate archival environment for housing materials in perpetuity
Primary Contact: Jennifer Lanman
IMLS: Promoting Digital Access and (Re-)Discovery of the IU Paleontology Collection
To enhance the accessibility and discoverability of the type and figured specimens (especially including the entirety of the Rexroad conodont collection) via high-resolution macrophotography.
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
Indiana Geologic Names Information System
The database facilitates labeling stratigraphic data in IGWS digital and paper archives, aid IGWS researchers in locating current geologic nomenclature for their publications, and provide web-based access to IGWS geologic nomenclature to a broad spectrum of users from academia, industry, government, and the general public.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Journal of Earth Sciences - Volume 1
Primary Contact: Lee Florea
IndianaMap Maintenance
Updating IndianaMap data, adding IndianaMap data, tracking the work that is done on a monthly basis.
Primary Contact: Chris Dintaman
Internal Architecture of the Tolleston Beach using Ground Penetrating Radar
Additional subsurface tools are needed to understand the architecture of the Tolleston Beach. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) that images the subsurface to depths of 10s of meters, is portable, non-invasive, and less expensive. It can be used to build cross-sections of the landform.
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
IU Bicentennial: Uncovering the Hidden History of Megalonyx jeffersonii to Engage in Indiana University’s Natural History Collections
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Locating and characterizing important springs of the Indiana Uplands
Scour publication archives for historical spring data dating back to 1901; visit 100 springs to sample water quality and compare these results to available historical data; use these data to develop and make available a geospatial database of springs; and develop a crowdsourcing geospatial tool to acquire information on springs and engage residents in communities throughout SWCI.
Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC)
The purpose of this project is to determine if the rock systems in the subsurface of the Illinois Basin are strong enough for effective and permanent storage of carbon dioxide that can contribute to global warming.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Mount Rainier Fumarole Cave Exploration and Science
Primary Contact: Lee Florea
Organizing 2019 Annual Meeting of the Society for Organic Petrology (TSOP) in Bloomington
To organize Annual Meeting of the Society for Organic Petrology (TSOP) in Bloomington, IN in September 2019.
Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
PDMS Well Data Project Fix
The main objective of this project is to merge all of the records by removing the "Records Cornucopia" and adding all of the scanned documents to their correct location in the "Reports" and "Log Info" sections of the PDMS.
Primary Contact: Jayson Eldridge
Petrophysical characterization, regional distribution, and geologic storage suitability of units within the Cambro-Ordovician sequence
The objective of this study is to compile known basic geological attributes of deep oil and gas reservoirs, black shales, coals, and saline aquifers. These attributes will then be assessed with the objective of calculating their ability to effectively store large volumes of liquid CO2. The project is designed to move into a second phase where these candidate formations are tested with a drilling and injection program.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
Public Presentations and Tours
Engage public in earth science topics and issues.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Quaternary History of the Beanblossom Valley, south-central Indiana
The objective of this project is to determine the timing of glacial advances into the Beanblossom Creek basin by using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and paleopedology. Research going back over 100 years suggest that Illinoian (Isotope Stage 6) ice blocked the westward-flowing ancestral Beanblossom Creek and created a large glacial lake. We seek to quantify the Illinoian age assignment using both OSL and detailed analysis (pedologic description, particle size analysis, silt and clay mineraology and silt geochemistry) of the Sangamon Geosol. The two techniques will complement each other, as OSL will provide absolute chronology and analysis of the Sangamon Geosol will supplement the OSL age with weathering ratios, depth of carbonate leaching, and amount of clay accumulation (among others).
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
Shale Gas: Geochemical and Physical Constraints on Genesis, Storage, and Productibility
This project is comprised of three tasks related to shale gas: (1) Study of porosity in shale; (2) Natural methane outgassing from shales into the atmosphere; and (3) Generation of catalytic shale gas. Each task focuses on an individual aspect in need of basic shale research for industrial and environmental reasons. All three tasks are conceptually linked.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
State Park Geology Guides
This project will update the state park guides published in 1974-1988 and create new guides for for other state park locations. The guides will be made available on the IGWS website, DNR Resource webpage, and distributed to DNR personnel.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
StateMap 2019 - Knox
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
Stratigraphy and chronology of the Pleistocene Glacial Lake Patoka, south central Indiana
The goal of this study is to combine existing stratigraphic, mineralogic and geophysical data and current interpretations by Dr. Gray, to new datasets to be produced during the study (from shallow coring, geochronology, passive seismic data) in order to develop a litho- and chronostratigraphic framework of the GLP area.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Trenton Limestone of Indiana
An up to date compilation on the Trenton Limestone and the distribution of dolomite within the unit in Indiana. Potential petroleum reservoirs are generally limited to areas of dolomitzation which need to be defined by mapping. The integrated information from mapping and publications will be used to write the report.
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
Trenton-Utica chronology
1) Demonstrate that new field correlations are robust. 2) Work with Allison as co-author and committee member in the production of two manuscripts that document (a) proximal-distal facies and chemostratigraphic changes from central Kentucky to western Ohio and (b) contrast those changes against erosional features and the absence of a "Trenton" facies gradient in eastern Indiana.
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
Unconsolidated sediment (soil) core description database forms - Core-nucopia
Primary Contact: Robert Autio
Update of the Indiana Geological and Water Survey History for the IU Bicentennial
Update the IGWS history document produced by Patton (1988)
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
US-China Clean Energy Research Center, Advanced Coal Technology Consortium
The objective of the CERC-ACTC program is to advance R&D on Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technology such that it may play an integral role in mitigating CO2 emissions over the coming decades.
Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett