3-D reactive transport modeling of geological CO2 storage in Mount Simon formation
This project aims to build a comprehensive 3-D reactive transport model of Mt. Simon formation in south-west Indiana, and conduct multiple scenarios of CO2 (maybe CO2 alternate water) injection to study the imposed geochemical reactions and their effects on porosity and permeability.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Acquisition of Control Points Throughout Indiana for Accurate Calibration of the Tromino Geophone
Our objective is to create a data base which will contain the frequencies for depth to bedrock throughout the state of Indiana. This would allow researchers to be able to properly create calibration curves that are specific to the region where research is being conducted. This would facilitate more accurate interpretations of data collected using the Tromino during research conducted by the survey. Data could be accessible by academic and/or industry researchers as a service provided by IGWS.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
The goal of our cooperative project is to: 1) Improve the methods of petrographic impurities identification 2) Develop and test petrographic pellet impurities classification 3) Test the quality of US pellets (nobody done this yet) 4) Publish article about importance of the petrographic method in pellet standards 5) Present the work at the Pellet Fuels Institute Annual Conference (June 24-26, 2020 at the Hyatt Regency in Milwaukee, WI) 6) Propose to the Pellet Fuels Institute idea of including petrographic method in pellet quality assurance and product certification.
Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
Carbon Ore, Rare Earth and Critical Minerals (CORE-CM) Initiative for U.S., Basins
The overall objective of this project is to assess availability of coal/coal waste/coal combustion products/AMD in Indiana that could potentially serve as sources of REE.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Primary Contact: Ryan Kammer
Central Indiana Water Study Hydrologic Monitoring
Water resource planning requires data related to long-term trends in watershed and aquifer water-budget parameters including precipitation, evapotranspiration (ET, combined loss of water from land surface owing to evaporation and plant transpiration), and groundwater-level fluctuations during both dry and wet periods. The IWBN quantifies these parameters to support data-driven water-resource planning that considers the range of historic hydrologic conditions and regional trends that may arise from a changing climate.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Characterizing aquifer geometrics in Northern IN using geophysical techniques to profile the buried bedrock surface
To improve the density of data related to bedrock depth below the St. Joseph Aquifer System in northeastern St. Joseph and northwestern Elkhart County, we will employ newly developed passive seismic methods. The data will facilitate mapping at an improved resolution the base of the aquifer, where it coincides with the bedrock surface. The methods developed can be applied to valley-fill aquifers in the rest of the state. The enhanced bedrock topography data will also provide hydrologists and health department officials with better tools to investigate the geologic constraints on naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater in deep wells.
Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
Chicago East Quadrangle bedrock mapping
Generate a bedrock geologic map for the Indiana portion of the 1:100,000 scale Chicago East Quadrangle and advance understanding of the buried Silurian-Devonian bedrock aquifer and confining Maquoketa and New Albany shale-dominate units in this area.
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
Collaborative: A multiple-technique approach for deconvolving tropical cyclone effects on Late Quaternary geomorphic change in arid southwestern North America.
The project will perform: 1) A spatial identification and morphological, pedological (in collaboration with DRI), and sedimentological characterization of alluvial fan units in the Vizcaino and Colorado subregions of the Sonoran Desert. 2) develop a chronology of the identified alluvial fan units. 3) compare the Late Pleistocene chronology to other paleoclimate proxies and in particular to the record in Antinao et al (2016). 4) compare the Holocene chronology to a paleotempestological record on the Pacific coast (to be developed by this project through collaboration with LSU).
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Continuation of scanning out-of-print IGWS publications to post to the IGWS Bookstore and IGWS Archive.
To continue to make sure all publications and products produced by the IGWS are available digitally and are 'discoverable' to both the staff researchers and to the public. To continue to assist the IGWS Photographer with timely completion of IGWS projects and publications.
Primary Contact: Will Knauth
Distance Learning
The objective is to create a series of distance learning webinars that will connect Indiana teachers and students to geoscience careers and research.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Early Pennsylvanian Sediment Routing in the U.S. Eastern Interior
This study will apply source-to-sink methods to constrain the drainage basin boundaries of Early Pennsylvanian fluvial systems in the Illinois basin and neighboring basins.
Primary Contact: Isaac Allred
Earth MRI - Pennsylvanian paleosols
The objectives are to establish understanding of the variations of REE and other trace lelements in paleosols and identifiy those zones that could be considered a potential resource.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Earth MRI--Devonian Phosphate REEs
The objectives are to establish an understanding of regional REE concentration gradients for phosphorites within the Devonian to basal Mississippian interval across the eastern US and test standing models of REE enrichment in phosphorites.
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
Expanding the Indiana Geological and Water Survey’s contribution to the NGWMN
Groundwater-elevation data are collected primarily to determine how groundwater levels are changing over time. The data from sites with continuous/high-frequency water-level records are also used to assess groundwater-recharge dynamics for various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
Fall 2021 Exhibit: ShakeIN
The Fall 2021 exhibition will be titled "ShakeIN: Earthquakes in the Hoosier State." A physical exhibit will be developed in the IGWS Lobby, and Science of a Sphere Explorer data visualizations will be available in the Learning Lab. Complementary digital resources will be created to extend the exhibition's reach and impact. The exhibition will coordinate with the national earthquake drill in October.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
FY2020 USGS NGGDPP Grant: CARST: Collective Access & Resource Space Tandem for Simultaneous Management of Physical Sample Collections and Digital Assets
Primary Contact: Gary Motz
FY22 Traveling Discovery Trunks
Provide themed traveling discovery trunks that the general public (teachers, scout leaders, outreach groups) can loan for 2 weeks from the IGWS. Each trunk will contain real specimens and/or replicas, a curriculum guide, and assorted support materials.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Geomorphology, Stratigraphy and Chronology of the Flatwoods area, south-central Indiana
The objectives of this study are to compile existing stratigraphic, mineralogic, and geophysical data and couple this with new data collection (passive seismic, deep coring, and geochronology) in order to reconstruct the Quaternary geologic history of the Flatwoods area.
Primary Contact: Henry Loope
IGWS STATEMAP Products Spreadsheet/Database
This task focuses on creating and maintaining a spreadsheet/database that contains information for all the STATEMAP maps and map-related documents that the IGWS has completed and/or submitted to the USGS since 1993. The spreadsheet/database will contain the following information for each map or map-related product: the year that the project was initiated, the name of the mapped area, the map scale, the amount of federal and state dollars contributed to the product, designation of each map as a bedrock or surficial map, the IGWS publication number, the availability of the product from the IGWS Bookstore, the correct citation for the IGWS published and unpublished documents, and the USGS STATEMAP grant number. Using the spreadsheet/database, an updated interactive map will be created to showcase the mapping efforts in the state. This map (located on the STATEMAP webpage) will provide links to published STATEMAP products for the public; another version will provide links to both published and unpublished STATEMAP products for the IGWS staff. The data could also be used to either update the Data Collection Viewer or create a new application, the IGWS Data Hub, to showcase all survey work. A second phase to the project could be to create a StoryMap.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Geological Survey Geologic Names Information System
The database will facilitate labeling stratigraphic data in IGWS digital and paper archives, aid IGWS researchers in locating current geologic nomenclature for their publications, and provide web-based access to IGWS geologic nomenclature to a broad spectrum of users from academia, industry, government, and the general public.
Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
Indiana Journal of Earth Sciences - Volume 3
Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
Integration of Central Baja California Research Activities
The goal of this IGWS project is to consolidate activities and results from research by the PI and his students at multiple institutions, in a manner that results are efficiently shared with main PIs from the grants explained above. The goal is to take advantage of synergies via sharing ideas, data, collaborating in the field and in laboratory activities.
Primary Contact: Jose Luis Antinao
Learning Lab
This project will serve as an example for hands-on learning with collections on the IU campus.
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Locating and characterizing important springs of the Indiana Uplands
Scour publication archives for historical spring data dating back to 1901; visit 100 springs to sample water quality and compare these results to available historical data; use these data to develop and make available a geospatial database of springs; and develop a crowdsourcing geospatial tool to acquire information on springs and engage residents in communities throughout SWCI.
Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
National Mesonet Program
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani
PDMS Well Data Project Fix
The main objective of this project is to merge all of the records by removing the "Records Cornucopia" and adding all of the scanned documents to their correct location in the "Reports" and "Log Info" sections of the PDMS.
Primary Contact: Jayson Eldridge
Piloting the OSDU platform for inter-state geological survey data management for synthetic 3D mapping initiative
This project will evaluate the efficacy of the OSDU data platform and determine whether or not the OSDU is a suitable candidate for enterprise data management for the IGWS and the energy, stratigraphy, and other data siloes.
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
The overall objective of this project is to develop methodologies to identify potential targets for REE recov-ery from the coal value chain. To address this main objective, the more specific goals of this project are to: 1) Determine REE content in Indiana coals and identify coal beds that have highest REE concentrations. Although REE will be the critical elements of particular interest in this project, other elements such as aluminum, phosphorous, uranium, titanium, manganese, gallium, germanium, cobalt, and others will also be examined. These elements are included for bolstering our predictive tools such as principal component analysis, which will allow future explorations for REE to use less expensive methods to locate potential REE resources. 2) Evaluate the distribution of REE in various fractions generated by coal preparation plants: coarse re-fuse, fines, clean coal. The coarse refuse will be of special interest because REE concentrate in min-eral fractions. We expect that coarse refuse from coals having high REE contents as established in point 1 could be targets for REE recovery. 3) Investigate REE concentration in pulverized rejects from power plants and fly ash and bottom ash generated from Indiana coals. Because, as mentioned above, REE are dominantly associated with mineral fractions, they are concentrated in the mineral and glass phases of coal ashes. Special effort will be put into obtaining coal ash from the coals of increased REE concentrations, as established in point 1; 4) Assess REE potential in acid-mine drainage (AMD). AMD contains REEs in dissolved form, making them less expensive to process although concentrations are much lower than in raw coal material or coal combustion concentrates. Preliminary data suggest a strong correlation of REEs to aluminum and magnesium in AMD, indicative of a noncoal detrital clay association, which becomes soluble under acidic conditions. 5) Based on 1–4, identify set of geological/chemical attributes that can be used as proxies for “sweet spots” for REE. We will use selected statistical methods, for example, principal component analysis (PCA) to identify associations of REE with other elements, coal properties, geographic location, etc. These attributes will be used as a predictive tool for elevated occurrences of REE and ultimately will help to delineate best targets for future recovery.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Shale Gas: Geochemical and Physical Constraints on Genesis, Storage, and Producibility
This project is comprised of two tasks related to shale gas: (1) Study of porosity in shale; and (2) Generation of catalytic shale gas. Each task focuses on an individual aspect in need of basic shale research for industrial and environmental reasons. For task 1, for the next 3 years, we intend to investigate links between porosity and permeability and ultimately producibility of hydrocarbons from shale. For task 2 we will study mechanisms of catalysis in shales. So far, the mechanism of geocatalytic shale gas generation remains elusive.
Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
Social Media
Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon
Solid Biomass Energy
1) Create/improve the method of petrographic quality assessment for wider range of solid biomass products (including intermediate crops, crop by-products, grass, and other agricultural waste). 2) Expand our research expertise into growing biomass technologies like gasification (holzgas), torrefaction (biomass suitable for co-firing in coal-fired power plants), and anaerobic digestion (production of a methane-rich biogas from wet biomass sources). 3) Investigate relationships between raw fuel composition and the properties of their combustion and gasification emissions with a focus on parameters that could be used to predict the environmental and health impacts of fuel use. 4) Promote the idea of including petrographic analysis in solid biomass quality assurance testing and product certification with manuscripts, and presentations. 5) Expand collaboration with international universities and industry. 6) Create an "umbrella" center.
Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
StateMap 2019 - Knox
Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
StateMap 2021 Program
Create new maps that include: 1) bedrock mapping in the southern half of the Bedford quadrangle in south-central Indiana, 2) bedrock mapping in northern half of the Madison, Falmouth, and Louisville quadrangles in southeast Indiana, and 3) unconsolidated mapping of ice-marginal sediments between the cities of Jasper and Washington in south-central Indiana
Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
StateMap 2022 Bedford Quad
The objective for this project is to be able to produce a high quality geological map within one year, showing formation contacts for the northern half of the Bedford quadrangle, extending northward from Mitchell to the northern most part of the quadrangle, along the southern most shore of Monroe Lake. The next objective would be to continue mapping southward so that the entire Bedford quadrangle would be completely mapped by the end of the second year.
Primary Contact: Don Tripp
The Indiana Water Balance Network
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to monitor trends in water loss and gain for different components of the hydrologic cycle in various hydrogeologic settings.
Primary Contact: Babak Shabani