IGS Research
Geological Research at the IGWS - Funding Sources

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    Abandoned Mine Lands Program

  • Indiana Coal Mine Information System
  • The IGS maintains and updates the CMIS GIS database to provide accessible and functional data, technical assistance to the AML Program, and to respond to requests for information from the public. GIS and database applications are created to improve access to AML's historical and contemporary water-quality database.
    Primary Contact: Rebecca Meyer
  • Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
  • To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.
    Primary Contact: Licia Weber


    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

  • Indiana Contribution to the National Geothermal Data System
  • State-specific geothermal data will be compiled into an integrated, distributed, and searchable national data system, referred to as the "National Geothermal Data System."
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper


    Battelle Memorial Institute

  • 2015 Indiana Data Perservation Program
  • For many years, the IGS has kept geologic records, maps, field notebooks, and partially completed projects remaining from scientific research staff who retired or left employment. Approximately 32 file cabinets, 36 map cabinets, and 45 banker boxes exist at the IGS that contain geological paper records from past employees; for the most part, though, there is no catalog or inventory of these items. Some files and boxes are labeled with the name of a staff member or a general topic; however, current staff of the IGS do not know in detail what they contain. We do believe that some records are related to the IGS’s physical sample collections and various other geological databases, and they may contain descriptions of rock core, sediment samples, and outcrops. Documenting the details of these unexamined records would provide added value to our existing collections and geological databases.
    Primary Contact: Richard Hill
  • Midwestern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)
  • The objective of this study is to compile known basic geological attributes of deep oil and gas reservoirs, black shales, coals, and saline aquifers. These attributes will then be assessed with the objective of calculating their ability to effectively store large volumes of liquid CO2. The project is designed to move into a second phase where these candidate formations are tested with a drilling and injection program.
    Primary Contact: Cristian Medina
  • Simulation of CO2 Storage in the Arches Province of the Midwestern United States
  • This study will produce a three dimensional model of the subsurface geology in the Arches region, followed by numerical simulations on the injection of supercritical carbon dioxide into the Upper Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone.
    Primary Contact: Cristian Medina


    Central United States Earthquake Consortium State Geologists (CUSEC-SG)

  • CUSEC-SG Historic Earthquake Epicenters and Active Seismic Monitoring Stations
  • Through the Central United States Earthquake Consortium-State Geologists (CUSEC-SG), the IGS is compiling and mapping these important information resources. The CUSEC is composed of the eight states of Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee.
    Primary Contact: John Steinmetz
  • Quake Cottage Program 5 - CUSEC
  • To educate a variety of target audiences about earthquakes hazards and risks within the state and mitigation practices that reduces the economic and health impacts of such events.
    Primary Contact: Polly Sturgeon


    European Union

  • Combined underground coal gasification and CO2 Capture and Storage - TOPS - Technology options for coupled underground coal gasification and CO2 capture and storage
  • The main objective of the proposed project is to develop a generic underground coal gasification – carbon capture and storage (UCG-CCS) site characterization workflow which would address the dilemma faced by the proponents of reactor zone CO2 storage and offers technological solutions to source-sink mismatch issues that are likely to be faced in many coalfields.
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz


    Huron Mountain Wildlife Foundation

  • Middle-Holocene (ca. 6500 to 3500 years ago) lake-level change of ancestral Lake Superior, Huron Mountains, Upper Michigan
  • The primary objective is to determine the age and elevation of foreshore sediments associated with beach ridges in a strandplain located in the Huron Mountains, Upper Michigan. These data will be used to generate a relative paleohydrograph for the site covering 3000 years, from roughly 6500 to 3500 years ago.
    Primary Contact: Henry Loope


    Indiana Center for Coal Technology Research (CCTR)

  • Distribution and characterization of coal-slurry deposits in Indiana
  • The purpose of the work was to provide preliminary estimates of the total area and volume of coal-slurry deposits (fine-grained refuse from coal-preparation plants) and to provide recommendations for future sampling and analysis.
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper


    Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)

  • A three-dimensional aquifer visualization and groundwater flow model in the upper reaches of Lake Michigan drainage basin, NW Indiana, and GIS for the Lake Michigan drainage basin in Indiana
  • The purpose of this project was to organize existing information on northwestern Indiana hydrogeology into formats that will allow land-use and water-resource managers and governmental regulators easy access to such information and the ability to visualize the data.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • A three-dimensional, shallow groundwater flow model for the Grand Calumet River/Indiana Harbor Canal Watershed, northwest Indiana
  • In this project, we organized existing information on hydrogeology into formats that will allow land-use and water-resource managers and governmental regulators to easily access and visualize such information.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Agricultural BMP application to remediate nitrate contamination in a major outwash aquifer in Jackson County, Indiana
  • Primary Contact: Denver Harper
  • Analysis of nitrate in groundwater in Jackson County, Indiana
  • The purpose of the study was to identify the source or sources of the nitrate.
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper
  • Conversion of historical data to GIS format for Grand Calumet feasibility study
  • The objective of the work was to convert the hard-copy information to a digital geographic information system (GIS) format.
    Primary Contact: Chris Dintaman
  • Data compilation and analysis for the Coastal Nonpoint Source Management Plan
  • This study documented the surface-water quality monitoring efforts that have occurred in the subwatersheds of the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Plan Area. The data were analyzed to assess water-quality trends occurring in the program area. Results from this analysis were used to develop a monitoring plan for Indianas Coastal Nonpoint Source Management Plan.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Environmental feasibility of using recycled tire pieces as media in septic system absorption fields
  • The Indiana Geological Survey demonstrated the feasibility of using recycled tires as a medium for on-site septic distribution fields.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Evaluating tillage practices on near-surface groundwater recharge
  • The goals of this project are to install sensors and monitor the resultant water-balance data in different areas of the small watershed being subjected to different land-management (particularly agricultural) practices. Over time, statistically significant differences in the sites might be able to be linked back to how the land is managed.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Evaluation of contaminant storage and movement at a confined feeding operation
  • Data from similar studies indicate that nitrate concentrations are often high; we believe this occurs because rainfall early and late in the growing season flush commercial fertilizers and animal waste before they can be used to promote plant growth. Through our monitoring program, we tracked effects that manure-application practices had on groundwater quality in the area. This assisted personnel of the IDEM Office of Land Quality to identify problem situations that may require modification of current rules and management practices.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Evaluation of riparian buffer zones using a geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing
  • The objective of this study was to assess the condition of riparian buffers in the Young's Creek Watershed.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Indiana Reach Index update
  • Conduct a pilot study to establish a methodology to update selected watersheds with high-resolution (1:24,000) stream segments from the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD).
    Primary Contact: Chris Dintaman
  • Monitoring and forecasting outfalls of E. coli-contaminated streamflow at Burns Ditch, south shore of Lake Michigan, Indiana
  • This project characterized temporal variations in bacterial outfalls at the mouths of creeks (such as Burns Ditch) that flow into Lake Michigan.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Relating groundwater recharge to near-surface aquifer sensitivity in Indiana
  • Develop a conceptual model of the physical factors and processes that control groundwater recharge in Indiana, and devise an objective measure of recharge over the landscape. Develop a statewide assessment of aquifer sensitivity to near-surface contamination based on the relationship of recharge to migration of contaminants through the unsaturated zone.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Source-water assessment
  • The objective of this project was to develop fact sheets for 650 individual, noncommunity, nontransient, public ground-water supplies throughout Indiana, as part of the Source Water Assessment Plan (SWAP).
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Watershed modeling tools and linkages to the Lake Rim geographic information system (GIS)
  • This project focuses on surface-water hydrology of the Trail Creek and Little Calumet Watersheds. We will provide the physical basis for studying surface-water flow and contaminant transport in the pollution of ground and surface waters of the Lake Rim area of northwestern Indiana.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger


    Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS)

  • Quake Cottage Program 4
  • To educate a variety of target audiences about earthquakes hazards and risks within the state and mitigation practices that reduces the economic and health impacts of such events.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson


    Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR)

  • Assessment of Potential for Induced Seismicity in the Illinois Basin
  • Determine if there are threshold values of pressures and volumes of injected fluids that could trigger earthquakes. Provide technical analysis to the policy makers and regulatory community that governs oil and gas development in the state and region.
    Primary Contact: John Rupp
  • Augusta Lake project
  • The purpose of this project is to abate acid mine drainage that forms at the site and improve the quality of water in Augusta Lake which flows into the Patoka River.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Evaluation of acid mine drainage seeps
  • The purpose of this project was to abate acid runoff from seeps that develop at abandoned mine land sites after reclamation.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Evaluation of bench-scale acid mine drainage (AMD) bioremediation tests: Water-quality monitoring and data interpretation
  • This research is designed to treat these seeps so that the concentration of acidity, sulfate, and toxic metals is much reduced or eliminated.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Evaluation of methods for controlling metals deposition in acid seeps and acid mine drainage treatment wetlands
  • Since all metals precipitation systems need to have metal sludge excavated from them from time to time, it would be best for this metal sludge to be in a form that holds some commercial value. The objective of this study is to demonstrate methods for recovering valuable metals from acidic mine drainage by generating byproducts that have commercial value as raw materials for industry.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Hydrochemical evaluation and predictive modeling of sulfate-reducing bioreactor cells
  • The goal of the research project is to evaluate and model the performance and longevity of SRBCs for the passive remediation of AMD.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Monitoring and modeling a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow at the Blackfoot reclamation site in Pike County, Indiana
  • In an effort to ameliorate the problem, personnel of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Reclamation (IDNR-DOR) are planning a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow away from the seepage area and toward an area where it will encounter alkaline spoils prior to discharging at the surface. The study combines detailed hydrologic monitoring with groundwater flow modeling to evaluate, optimize, and diagnose all the reasons why the reclamation strategy does or does not succeed. The project will commence prior to any reclamation activities but will continue through and after the period of hydrologic manipulation so that a thorough evaluation can be accomplished.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Monitoring and Modeling a Large-Scale Experiment to Change the Direction of Groundwater Flow at the Blackfoot Reclamation Site in Pike County: Part 2 Assessing the Efficacy of Reclamation that Includes the Construction of a Large Wetland/Bioreactor System
  • The project will involve a continuation of hydrochemical monitoring with much emphasis placed on the evaluation of the performance of a large wetland/bioreactor system that is being designed to treat acid mine drainage that is discharging from a valley located within this abandoned mine land site.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Monitoring hydrologic conditions in the vicinity of an acid seep at the Chinook abandoned mine lands site in Clay County, Indiana
  • We undertook a monitoring study to more fully characterize the hydrology of a large abandoned coal-waste deposit at the Chinook abandoned mine lands reclamation site. The ultimate goal of the project was to monitor the response of the water table in the coal-waste deposit to precipitation events.
    Primary Contact: Jack Haddan
  • Rates and Controls on Toxic Metal Leaching from Coal-Combustion Residues Utilized as Structural Fills in Reclamation Settings: Emphasis on the Midwestern AML Site
  • The project, which combines field, laboratory, and modeling components, will determine the conditions under which trace elements are leached from CCRs in field settings as well as rates of leaching when CCRs are in contact with various ambient water chemistries.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Update of the Lake Michigan Rim Web site and data layers for the Grand Calumet feasibility study
  • Work with partners from local, state, and federal government to acquire updated GIS data and redesign the Lake Rim Web site.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger


    Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT)

  • Extension of the GIS Atlas of Indiana project
  • Create a central repository of spatial data for Indiana and to make the data freely available to the public in a format that is readily accessible.
    Primary Contact: John Steinmetz
  • Indiana bat cave inventory
  • As part of Tier 2 environmental studies being conducted in association with the proposed Interstate-69 transportation corridor through southwestern Indiana, it is necessary to determine if any caves within 5 miles of the proposed corridor are winter hibernacula for this species of bat.
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper
  • Sulfates in Indiana Substrates
  • Project designed to assist by developing screening method, comparison of accuracy between different soluble sulfate analytical methods, and providing GIS maps showing areas of concern for elevated sulfates, as well as gaps in statewide distribution for existing soil and groundwater data sets.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam


    Indiana Finance Authority

  • Spatial analysis of 20 water utilities in Indiana
  • This project will support the larger study of the water utilities, focusing on providing a data-quality and accuracy assessment of the locations of 20 water utilities in Indiana. In addition, each water-extraction point (well or intake) will be characterized with respect to a suite of spatial landscape data layers.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger


    Indiana Geographic Information Council (IGIC)

  • Integrate Indiana's Broadband Map into the IndianaMap
  • One of the requirements of the Map Indiana Broadband project is to make the data available to the public. This will be accomplished by adding the broadband map data to the IndianaMap (www.indianamap.org) as hosted by the IGS. Also as part of this contract, the IGS will updae the supporting technology.
    Primary Contact: Chris Dintaman


    Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH)

  • Environmental feasibility of using recycled tire pieces as media in septic system absorption fields
  • The Indiana Geological Survey demonstrated the feasibility of using recycled tires as a medium for on-site septic distribution fields.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Field evaluation of on-site sewage disposal systems (OSDS) and broad-scale mapping of suitable and unsuitable areas for OSDS, Morgan County, Indiana
  • The objective of this project was to collect data concerning the subsurface groundwater characteristics that exist in and adjacent to on-site sewage disposal systems throughout the entire year.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Hydrologic suitability of mine spoil as a medium for septic-tank absorption fields
  • The goal of this project was to provide the Indiana State Department of Health with tools to expeditiously process applications for septic-field permits on reclaimed coal mine lands.
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper


    Indiana University

  • 57th Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene -- At the edge of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Stratigraphy and Chronology of Glacial Deposits in Central Indiana
  • Adjourn a group of professional geologists and students interested and conversant in the problems to discuss our results and directions of research. The trip will be the 57th Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene week field conference.
    Primary Contact: William Monaghan
  • Application of transmitted light techniques for evaluation of thermal maturity
  • Project analyzes changes in color of structureless amorphous organic matter and palynomorphs in transmitted light through a range of maturity stages.
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
  • Architecture of the Salem Limestone (Mississippian) in the dimension stone district of south-central Indiana
  • The purpose of the project is to determine the architecture of a Salem carbonate shoal and the potential fluid-flow pathways.
    Primary Contact: Brian Keith
  • Archiving Geophysical Logs
  • The objective of the archiving projectis to create standardized digital formats of all IGS geophysical logs and make them available to IGS staff and the public as PDF and LAS downloads via the IGS web site
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • Assessment of Potential for Induced Seismicity in the Illinois Basin
  • Determine if there are threshold values of pressures and volumes of injected fluids that could trigger earthquakes. Provide technical analysis to the policy makers and regulatory community that governs oil and gas development in the state and region.
    Primary Contact: John Rupp
  • ASTM testing of the Salem Limestone
  • Data from the ASTM tests cited have been performed by the Indiana Geological Survey since the early 1950s. These data define physical strength and performance of masonry products fabricated from the Salem Limestone; the data also have been useful to geologists in interpreting depositional environments and diagenetic systems relevant to the Salem Limestone.
    Primary Contact: Drew Packman
  • Augmented Reality 3D Sandbox
  • To develop and construct a high-interest, interactive exhibit display that demonstrates changing topography and the consequences of such processes.
    Primary Contact: Kevin Russell
  • Bedrock surface in White River Valley at locations with outwash ages before LGM
  • Develop a profile of the bedrock surface in the White River valley using the TROMINO at places where outwash ages suggest pre-LGM deposition within the White River valley (see Fig 1).
    Primary Contact: William Monaghan
  • Characterization and treatment of pad marks on Indiana Limestone
  • Research is designed to identify the causes and composition of pad marks that develop on Indiana limestone so that they can be effectively removed and prevented.
    Primary Contact: Nelson Shaffer
  • Chemostratigraphy and biostratigraphy of IGS – Survey Drill Holes (SDHs)
  • Hypothesis: Conodont concentration correlates with whole rock composition.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Chemostratigraphy of the Borden Group utilizing pXRF technology
  • Hypothesis: Correlation at the member-level can be enhanced by incorporating chemostratigraphy with the traditional applications of lithostratigraphy and geophysical logs. Analyses can be utilized to facilitate correlations or to prioritize more intensive analyses utilizing destructive techniques such as XRD or thin sectioning.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Database of Industrial Mineral Producers in Indiana
  • To produce a database of industrial minerals mines in the state and keep it up to date on a quarterly basis.
    Primary Contact: Kathryn Shaffer
  • Developments in the Indiana industrial minerals industry in 2012-2013 for the UGS Minerals Yearbook
  • To produce a report of industrial mineral mining developments in Indiana for the years 2012 and 2013.
    Primary Contact: Kathryn Shaffer
  • Formation and remediation of pad marks on Indiana Limestone
  • In this study, we tested a variety of padding materials to determine which produced the least discoloration on weathering.
    Primary Contact: Nelson Shaffer
  • GENI - Mapping Indiana’s Bicentennial
  • Provide detailed maps of each county at various scales using base data and data provided by each county that are timeless and can be used for many years in the classroom and at other educational opportunities.
    Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
  • Geochemistry Database
  • The objective of this project is to develop an easily accessible database for the Indiana Geological Survey's large and growing inventory of geochemical data.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • Groundwater geochemistry of Indiana aquifers: database development and analysis of the natural chemical character of bedrock and glacial aquifer systems
  • Compile groundwater geochemical analyses conducted in Indiana into a standardized database and analyze the data based on unique aquifer systems.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam
  • IGS Enterprise Data Preservation and Digitization Program
  • • To significantly improve access to IGS records, documents, and materials for research and public access. • To bring to light forgotten and little known documents and records • To develop configurable templates for databases to promote research and data dissemination. • Continue to apply for funding from the USGS National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program.
    Primary Contact: Richard Hill
  • IGS Miscellaneous Map: Near-surface Aquifer Sensitivity in Indiana
  • Develop a conceptual model of the physical factors and processes that control groundwater recharge in Indiana, and devise an objective measure of recharge over the landscape. Develop a statewide assessment of aquifer sensitivity to near-surface contamination based on the relationship of recharge to migration of contaminants through the unsaturated zone.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • IM Producers Indiana Map Update, Storymap, and Data Download Services
  • This objective of this project is to improve public access to data pertaining to Indiana industrial mineral mines.
    Primary Contact: Kathryn Shaffer
  • Indiana bedrock core location map
  • The objectives of this project are to: Create a derivative dataset that is connected to the current IGS drill cores (data from the PDMS) that can be used for mapping core locations, their sampled intervals, and reference numbers. Assign created stratigraphic unit abbreviations, an additional field, in the existing IGS drill core location data table or tables. This field will be used for labeling the locations on the map and give user a quick reference to the stratigraphic unit without having to search through many attributes.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Indiana bedrock core map viewer
  • The objectives of this project are to: Create a derivative dataset that is connected to the current IGS drill cores (data within the PDMS) that can be used for mapping core locations, their sampled intervals, and reference numbers.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Indiana Limestone Photo Collection: Digitization and Dissemination
  • To make this image collection and its associated metadata digital and available to researchers, scholars, and the general public through Indiana University's Image Collections Online (ICO) site and creating an interactive GIS website that will enable users to visualize, question, and interpret data to reveal spatial and temporal relationships, patterns, and trends.
    Primary Contact: Licia Weber
  • Indiana Society of Mining and Reclamation Board
  • ISMR is a professional alliance providing opportunity for education and communication of technical advances in mining and reclamation.
    Primary Contact: Rebecca Meyer
  • Investigation of groundwater in abandoned underground coal mines
  • Increase public awareness and interest in the potential use of underground mine waters as a geothermal resource, a groundwater resource, and a mine-reclamation resource.
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper
  • Major points sources of CO2 emissions from coal in Indiana
  • Provide major point sources of CO2 emissions from coal in Indiana (map and tabular data), including coal-burning electric power plants and industries and institutions.
    Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
  • Maps of the New Albany Shale in the Illinois Basin
  • Most comprehensive digital compilation of geologic information about the New Albany..
    Primary Contact: Agnieszka Drobniak
  • National Geologic Mapping Database (NGMDB) Map Catalog 2007-2015
  • The objective of this IGS project is to ensure that geologic maps published by the IGS and other Indiana geologic maps are included in the NGMDB, thus addressing the IGS's mission to disseminate information.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller
  • National Geologic Mapping Database (NGMDB) Map Catalog 2015-2017
  • Ensure that geologic maps published by the IGS and other Indiana geologic maps are properly represented in the USGS Map Catalog.
    Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
  • Ordovician Time Scale
  • Lots of pXRF analysis and mentoring of two undergraduates.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Petroleum Database Management System
  • Facilitate access to information related to oil and gas wells in Indiana and to provide this information in ways that will allow it to be accessed efficiently by users.
    Primary Contact: Charles Zuppann
  • Potential of Lower Block and Upper Block Coal Members for coking: Resources and properties
  • We plan to evaluate resources of the Lower Block and Upper Block Coal Members and map their availability
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
  • Revised digital elevation model of Indiana
  • The objective of this project was to create 30-meter DEMs using recently acquired digital line graph (DLG) data for the areas containing Level 1 data. The new DEMs were merged into the entire Indiana data set, replacing the Level 1 data.
    Primary Contact: Robin Rupp
  • Sampling and drilling of unconsolidated sediments
  • This purpose of this project is to provide a cost-effective method of obtaining subsurface glacial material samples and stratigraphy data in areas of mapping priority, areas that either lack data (or complete sets of data), or in areas of specific research interests.
    Primary Contact: Marni Karaffa
  • Silurian Sr-isotope chemostratigraphy of southern Indiana
  • Complete a Sr-isotope curve for southern Indiana tied to previously collected geochemistry.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • State Park Geology Guides
  • Produce geologic guides for the most popular state parks in Indiana to enhance the visitors’ experience. The audience is the interested lay reader.
    Primary Contact: John Steinmetz
  • The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN)
  • Primary Contact: Shawn Naylor
  • Update of whetstone tombstone database
  • The purpose of this project is to continue to maintain and update the whetstone tombstone database.
    Primary Contact: Richard Powell
  • Web-based glacial and bedrock geologic map products and databases for Bartholomew County, Indiana
  • The objective of this task is to provide detailed geological information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product will provide traditional surficial and bedrock geological information, as well as subsurface information, derivative maps, and summaries that will help users understand and make use of the wealth of geologic information that is becoming available for Bartholomew County.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller


    National Institutes of Health

  • Geologic support of abandoned and active coal mines in Indiana for ventilation design
  • This study was conducted to evaluate ventilation systems in underground coal mines and to identify ways in which improvement of ventilation systems in relation to different methane sources can increase mine safety. Coal mine methane has always been considered as a danger for underground coal mining. It can create a serious threat to mining safety and production. Proper mine ventilation can keep methane levels below the explosive limit and at the same time coal seam degasification is a means to recover energy from the methane gas retained in coal.
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz


    National Science Foundation

  • Biogenic methanogenesis and biodegradation of organic matter in coals
  • This collaborative research evaluates fundamental biogeochemical processes associated with microbial degradation of organic matter (OM) during generation of methane in coals. The overall goal is to understand the substrates that sustain microbial transformations of OM in coal beds, the nature of involved chemical pathways and effect of varying electron acceptor condition, and the role of these processes in the generation of coalbed methane (CBM).
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz


    Office of Surface Mining

  • Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
  • To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.
    Primary Contact: Licia Weber


    Office of the Indiana State Chemist

  • Development of a statistically valid program for monitoring pesticides in groundwater in the State of Indiana
  • A monitoring network was developed that was statistically adequate for characterizing average levels of pesticides and other agricultural byproducts in supplies of groundwater.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant


    Save the Dunes Conservation Fund

  • Hydrologic modeling to evaluate E. coli loading in the Dunes Creek Watershed, Porter County, Indiana
  • The primary issues in the Dunes Creek Watershed are sources of E. coli. We conducted surface-water numerical modeling to:
    1) Represent the hydrology, sediment, and bacterial characteristics in the drainage network; and
    2) Simulate how land-use and land-management changes (for example, adding riparian buffers, filling or plugging ditches) might achieve reduction of  E. coli in Dunes Creek.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger


    Tight Oil Consortium, University of Calgary

  • Characterization of organic matter in the Second White Specks Formation
  • This study presents approaches for evaluating hybrid source rock/reservoirs within tight-rock petroleum systems. The emerging shale play in the Upper Cretaceous Second White Specks and Belle Fourche formations in central Alberta, Canada is used as an example to evaluate organic and inorganic compositions and their relationships to pore characteristics
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
  • Micro-scale chemical and mineralogical heterogeneity of shales and its influence on permeability of the Upper Devonian/Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation in Canada
  • The overall hypothesis to be tested is that the rock fabric and specifically mutual arrangement of organic matter and mineral matter in shales influences porosity and permeability in tight oil/gas reservoirs and that understanding this mineral/organic distribution is critical for prediction of both gas storage and producibility.
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz


    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

  • Update of the Lake Michigan Rim Web site and data layers for the Grand Calumet feasibility study
  • Work with partners from local, state, and federal government to acquire updated GIS data and redesign the Lake Rim Web site.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger


    U.S. Department of Energy

  • Assessment of Hydrologic Consequences of CO2 Sequestration within the Illinois Basin
  • This project is one component of a larger risk assessment for implementing industrial-scale CO2 subsurface storage throughout the Illinois Basin. The objective is to develop new data sets that are most critical for informing the basin-scale simulation and modeling effort. The IGS will provide region-specific data that a coordinated team of researchers from around the country will integrate into a basin-scale simulation of the effects of large-scale implementation of geological sequestration within numerous rock units in the deep subsurface.
    Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
  • Evaluation of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of the Cambro-Ordovician Strata of the Illinois and Michigan Basins
  • This study is a collaborative effort by a team of scientists from the University of Illinois, the Illinois State Geological Survey, the Kentucky Geological Survey, Western Michigan University and the IGS. The objective of the IGS project is to support the assessment of the Cambro-Ordovician strata as a potential GCS reservoir/seal system through the development of new data sets of critical formation characteristics including: porosity, permeability, injectivity, mineralogy, fluid saturations and chemical composition, reservoir architecture and cap rock integrity.
    Primary Contact: Kevin Ellett
  • National Carbon Sequestration Database and Geographic Information System (NATCARB)
  • The purpose of NATCARB is to facilitate the evaluation of geological sequestration of CO2 in the United Sates and Canada by compiling all pertinent geological information useful for such evaluations into a database. When completed, the database will allow users to estimate the amount of CO2 emitted by various sources (such as power plants, refineries, and other fossil fuel consuming industries) and relate these volumes to geologic reservoirs that can provide safe and secure sequestration over time.
    Primary Contact: John Rupp
  • The Indiana Shallow Geothermal Monitoring Network: A test bed for facilitating the optimization of ground-source heat pumps in the glaciated Midwest
  • A comprehensive monitoring network that provides in-situ measurements of shallow subsurface thermal conductivity, temperature gradients, and soil moisture has not been developed to date.
    Primary Contact: Shawn Naylor
  • The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN)
  • Primary Contact: Shawn Naylor


    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • Developing a prototypical predictive model for beach closings in Indiana
  • Evaluate E. coli concentrations in stream flow discharging from Dunes Creek into the main swimming beaches at Indiana Dunes State Park and develop predictive models that relate the outfalls of creek water, as well as other hydrometeorological factors, to the concentrations of E. coli bacteria in the swimming zones of the beaches.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Lake Michigan tributary monitoring
  • The purpose of this project is to characterize temporal variations in bacterial outfalls at the mouths of creeks (such as Derby Ditch) that flow into Lake Michigan.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant
  • Restoration of West Dunes Creek-Great Marsh complex
  • The design of the project was intended to further scientific research and insight into potential reduction of E. coli levels in receiving waters following increased solar exposure, sedimentation, filtration, increased retention, and biological treatment provided by wetlands.
    Primary Contact: Greg Olyphant


    U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)

  • IndianaMap data sharing initiative and Demonstration of four key Framework data layers
  • Proof of consept project
    Primary Contact: Denver Harper


    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Late Holocene lake level of Lake Michigan
  • The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson


    U.S. Forest Service (USFS)

  • Potential karst development areas in the Hoosier National Forest
  • Identify both existing areas of karst development in the Hoosier National Forest, along with identification of the spatial distribution of areas with high probabilities of karst or sinkhole development.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Sulfate-reducing bioreactor net discharge monitoring
  • From monitoring flow rates along with chemical and stable isotopic components, the research conducted at this site will provide data for evaluating the effectiveness of the bioreactor in reducing acid-mine drainage, evaluating the microbial activity, and constructing a predictive model capable of providing sizing and longevity information to organizations desiring to build additional bioreactors for future low-flow AMD seep amelioration projects.
    Primary Contact: Tracy Branam


    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

  • 2014 Indiana Geological Survey Data Preservation Program
  • Inventory and catalogue approximately 40,000 grain-size sediment samples that are stored in approximately 700 core boxes and analyze/associate them with existing IGS records and databases.
    Primary Contact: Richard Hill
  • 2014-15 Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition Website
  • The website provides information on the goals, products, and personnel of the eight Great Lakes state geological surveys (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. The GLGMC website is used by a number of individuals, including the general public, planners, consultants, and state and federal agencies.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • 2015-16 Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition Website
  • The website provides information on the goals, products, and personnel of the eight Great Lakes state geological surveys (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. The GLGMC website is used by a number of individuals, including the general public, planners, consultants, and state and federal agencies.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • Compilation of Monroe County 1:24,000-scale geologic maps
  • The objective of this project is to produce detailed 1:24,000-scale geologic maps of the Monroe County portions of the five 7.5-minute quadrangles that included the city of Bloomington, Indiana, the city’s developing fringe, and the Monroe County portion of the Mt. Carmel Fault and Leesville Anticline.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller
  • Data collection, verification, & encoding for the National Coal Resources Data System (NCRDS) YR 2/5
  • The purpose of this project is to provide easy availability of point-source coal resource information, including coal location, thickness, depth, and other parameters.
    Primary Contact: Maria Mastalerz
  • Digital surficial geologic map product for Monroe County, Indiana
  • To provide detailed geologic information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product provides surficial geologic information for the county.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • Extent, characteristics, and regional relations of the interlobate region in north-central Indiana
  • This project aims to develop an understanding of the physical properties, stratigraphic relations, and boundary conditions of the Saginaw, Huron-Erie, and Lake Michigan lobes
    Primary Contact: Henry Loope
  • Indiana Geologic Data Preservation Program 2008
  • These data have been collected and stored at the IGS for well over 100 years, yet many have not received the proper cataloging and archiving necessary to ensure their long-term preservation and ready access. Moreover, they have often been stored in temporary facilities, and adequate space and resources for the long-term preservation of samples and data have not been maintained. Finally, no formal effort has been initiated to comprehensively inventory, catalog, and document the many geological and geophysical holdings of the IGS. In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) sponsored the first coordinated data preservation planning effort of which the IGS played a part. This work continued in 2008 with additional funding from the USGS and in-kind support from the IGS.
    Primary Contact: Richard Hill
  • Indiana Geologic Data Preservation Program 2009
  • These data have been collected and stored at the IGS for well over 100 years, yet many have not received the proper cataloging and archiving necessary to ensure their long-term preservation and ready access. Moreover, they have often been stored in temporary facilities, and adequate space and resources for the long-term preservation of samples and data have not been maintained. Finally, no formal effort has been initiated to comprehensively inventory, catalog, and document the many geological and geophysical holdings of the IGS. In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) sponsored the first coordinated data preservation planning effort of which the IGS played a part. This work continued in 2008 with additional funding from the USGS and in-kind support from the IGS.
    Primary Contact: Richard Hill
  • Late Holocene lake level of Lake Huron
  • The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
  • Late Holocene lake level of Lake Michigan
  • The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
  • Late Holocene lake level of Lake Superior
  • The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
  • Late Wisconsinan Ice Margin Chronology, south-central Indiana
  • The goal is to document the chronology and stratigraphy of late Wisconsinan tills in south-central Indiana.
    Primary Contact: Henry Loope
  • Late Wisconsinan Ice Margin Chronology, south-central Indiana (Year 2) - Coalition 2016
  • The goal is to document the chronology and stratigraphy of late Wisconsinan tills in south-central Indiana.
    Primary Contact: Henry Loope
  • Mapping bedrock geology in Lawrence County
  • This project anticipates the need for more detailed geologic information to guide planning in and around a major population center along the SR 37 and US 50 corridors. The project is also intended to expedite current scientific studies of the economically important Salem Limestone and related rocks in Lawrence County, and to further refine computer mapping techniques. The detailed geologic framework and databases that this project will create are intended to provide data for the quantitative assessment of dimension and crushed stone resources in the county.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
  • Mapping bedrock geology, Monroe County
  • This project anticipates the need for more detailed geologic information to guide planning in and around a major population center along the corridor of the of the Interstate 69 extension from Indianapolis to Evansville. The project is also intended to expedite current scientific studies of the economically important Salem Limestone and related rocks in central Monroe County, and to further refine computer mapping techniques. The detailed geologic framework and databases that this project will create are intended to document karst features and to provide data for the quantitative assessment of dimension and crushed stone resources in the county.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller
  • Mapping the Quaternary Geology in Kosciusko County
  • This overall objective of this project is to provide a county map (1:48,000-scale) to provide a detailed framework of the unconsolidated sediments and landforms in Kosciusko County. Mapping will provide background for making geotechnical, transportation, and land-use planning decisions in an area dominated by coarse-grained sediments and natural lakes. Mapping will also increase knowledge of ice lobe dynamics in northern Indiana, an ares of multiple ice lobe interactions.
    Primary Contact: Marni Karaffa
  • Morphosequences & Deglaciation Record in Northern Indiana: Chronology of 3 lobes in the St. Joseph & Kankakee valleys - Coalition 2016
  • The main objective of this project is to map outwash and morphosequences of outwash and moraines and determine the chronology of these deposits related to the Lake Michigan, Saginaw, and Huron-Erie lobes in the St. Joseph and Kankakee drainage basins in northern Indiana using a GIS framework. Another primary goal is to develop an absolute chronology for morphosequences and ice margins of the three lobes by using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of fan/outwash sediments tied directly to ice margin positions. Combined with a relative chronology identified by cross-cutting relationships of landforms and stratigraphy, these OSL ages can provide a framework for timing of fluctuations of the Lake Michigan, Saginaw, and Huron-Erie lobes.
    Primary Contact: William Monaghan
  • New 1:100,000-scale mapping of the Indiana heartland
  • We will create and publish 1:100,000-scale maps of the project area depicting the bedrock topography and bedrock geology. Developing digital interpretations of the bedrock surface and the distribution of bedrock units anticipate the demand for computer-generated assessments of resource distribution, quantity, and quality. A relational database will be made available to allow government and industry planners and citizens to rapidly locate geologic data.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller
  • New 1:100,000-scale mapping of the Indianapolis 30 x 60 minute quadrangle
  • We will create and publish 1:100,000-scale maps of the project area depicting the bedrock topography and bedrock geology. Developing digital interpretations of the bedrock surface and the distribution of bedrock units anticipate the demand for computer-generated assessments of resource distribution, quantity, and quality. A relational database will be made available that can be used to rapidly locate geologic data requested by government and industry planners and citizens.
    Primary Contact: Walter Hasenmueller
  • Quaternary Geology of Bartholomew County (Azalia quadrangle)
  • This study will produce a detailed Quaternary geologic map of the Azalia 7.5-minute quadrangle with a cross section and detailed descriptions of map units.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • Quaternary Geology of Bartholomew County (Elizabethtown and Hope quadrangles)
  • This study will produce a detailed Quaternary geologic maps of the Elizabethtown and Hope 7.5-minute quadrangles with cross sections and detailed descriptions of map units.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller
  • Silurian Sr-isotope chemostratigraphy of southern Indiana
  • Complete a Sr-isotope curve for southern Indiana tied to previously collected geochemistry.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • STATEMAP 2015 Morgan County
  • The 2015 STATEMAP project will produce (1) a preliminary bedrock geologic map of the Mooresville East 7.5-minute quadrangle (1:24,000-scale) with a cross section and detailed descriptions of map units and (2) preliminary detailed Quaternary geologic maps of the Martinsville and Mooresville West 7.5-minute quadrangles (1:24,000-scale) with cross sections and detailed descriptions of map units.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • STATEMAP 2016
  • Advance our understanding of the bedrock of Morgan County specifically, and the broader understanding of the Sanders Group to the New Albany Shale interval. Create products that can be accessed and utilized by a broad user group from geologists to planners.
    Primary Contact: Patrick McLaughlin
  • Three-dimensional geologic model development of the Huntertown Formation, Allen County, Indiana
  • The objective of this project is to develop a three-dimensional geologic model appropriate for representing realistic subsurface conditions in a groundwater flow model of glacial deposits in Huntertown, Indiana (Allen County).
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Three-dimensional groundwater modeling in Berrien County, Michigan
  • The objective of this project is to scientifically assess the performance of three-dimensional hydrogeologic models developed by pure statistical data interpolation and three-dimensional hydrogeologic models developed by experienced geologists familiar with the emplacement mechanisms of geologic materials.
    Primary Contact: Sally Letsinger
  • Web-based glacial & bedrock geologic map products & databases for Bartholomew County, IN (Year 2) - Coalition 2016
  • The objective of this task is to provide detailed geological information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product will provide traditional surficial and bedrock geological information, as well as subsurface information, derivative maps, and summaries that will help users understand and make use of the wealth of geologic information that is becoming available for Bartholomew County.
    Primary Contact: Matthew Johnson
  • Web-based glacial and bedrock geologic map products and databases for Allen County, Indiana
  • To provide detailed geologic information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product will provide traditional surficial geologic information, as well as a depiction of subsurface information based on subsurface databases.
    Primary Contact: Nancy Hasenmueller


    U.S. National Park Service

  • Investigation of the source/cause of subsurface voids at Mt. Baldy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, to mitigate visitor safety.
  • The objective of this agreement is to investigate these previously undocumented anomalies in an effort to determine risk to visitors at INDU, investigate the “hole” phenomenon, and guide park decision making with regard to visitor safety and public education and understanding of know/unknown hazards.
    Primary Contact: Todd Thompson
  • Studies at 20LU115: A stratified Late Woodland Archaeological Site
  • 1) Chronology of dune formation at sleeping bear point in relationship to coastal dune else where in lake Michigan. 2) Chronology of the archaeological site in relationship of other sites around the Lake Michigan shoreline. 3) Assessing the threat of the archaeological site if erosion continues at Sleeping Bear Dunes. 4) A ghost forest is associated with the paleosol and was composed mainly of White Pine. We will map the extent and density of this forest as represented by the location of buried (now exposed) stumps. 5) Assess the age of the archaeological site and how such sites are incorporated into dune. 6) provide a chronology to the cobble beaches near the site to related water level in lake Michigan to coastal dune formation processes and archaeological site formation, and
    Primary Contact: William Monaghan


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