Type area: The name “Clear Creek Limestone” was first applied to a few hundred feet of cherty carbonate rocks exposed in Jackson, Union, and Alexander Counties, southwestern Illinois, by Worthen (1866, p. 126-129) (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The name was taken from Clear Creek in Union County (Droste and Shaver, 1986).
History of usage:
Reassignment: The lower part of this sequence was assigned to the Bailey Limestone (E. O. Ulrich as published by Buckley and Beuhler, 1904, p. 110) (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The Bailey at that time was considered to be Devonian in age (Droste and Shaver, 1986).
The Clear Creek Chert consists of light-yellowish-gray to whitish fine- to medium-grained limestone that is cherty and somewhat glauconitic (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The thickness of the Clear Creek ranges from an erosional zero along its northeastern limits to 300 ft (92 m) at the tristate corner of Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky (Droste and Shaver, 1987, fig. 8).
The Clear Creek in the subsurface of Indiana (Becker, 1974, fig. 11D; Droste and Shaver, 1987, fig. 8) almost everywhere overlies the Backbone Limestone in an apparently conformable and onlapping relationship (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The contact is placed at the change from finer grained and somewhat cherty carbonate rocks above to coarser grained and purer carbonate rocks below (Droste and Shaver, 1986). Only in a small part of southwestern Posey County in its Indiana distribution does the Clear Creek rest directly on the Grassy Knob Chert; this contact is placed at the level within a 10-ft (3-m) gradational interval where chert becomes a major component downward (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The Clear Creek is overlain both conformably (farthest southwest) and unconformably by the Jeffersonville Limestone (Middle Devonian), including the Dutch Creek Sandstone Member (Droste and Shaver, 1986). Where it is conformable, the contact is placed amid transitional lithology (Droste and Shaver, 1986).
The Clear Creek of Indiana extends into the Clear Creek of Illinois and Kentucky (Droste and Shaver, 1986). In the interpretation of an onlapping Backbone-Clear Creek relationship, the Clear Creek is not wholly isochronous and has some age equivalency with the Backbone itself (Droste and Shaver, 1986).
Regional Indiana usage:
Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Geologic Map Unit Designation:
Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.
COSUNA areas and regional terminology
Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)
COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.
Boucot, A. J., and Johnson, J. G., 1968, Stratigraphy and paleontology of the Bois Blanc Formation in New York: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 584-B, p. B1–B27.
Buckley, E. R., and Buehler, H. A., 1904, Quarrying industry of Missouri: Missouri Bureau of Geology and Mines, 2nd Series, v. 2, 371 p.
Collinson, Charles, James, G. W., Swann, D. H., Becker, L. E., Carlson, M. P., Dorheim, F. H., and Koenig, J. W., 1967, Devonian of north-central region, United States, in International symposium on the Devonian System: Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, v. 1, p. 933Droste, J. B., and Shaver, R. H., 1977, Synchronization of deposition–Silurian reef-bearing rocks on Wabash Platform with cyclic evaporites of Michigan Basin, in Fisher, J. H., ed., Reefs and evaporites–concepts and depositional models: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology 5, p. 93–109.971.
Droste, J. B., and Shaver, R. H., 1986, Clear Creek Chert, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 28–29.
Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.
Savage, T. E., 1908, On the lower Paleozoic stratigraphy of southwestern Illinois: American Journal of Science, v. 25, p. 431–443.
Savage, T. E., 1920, Devonian formations of Illinois: American Journal of Science, v. 49, p. 169–182.
Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.
Worthen, A. H., 1866, Geology of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey, v. 1, 152 p.
For additional information, contact:
Nancy Hasenmueller (firstname.lastname@example.org)Date last revised: June 22, 2017