Type locality: The name “Silver Creek Hydraulic Limestone” was given by Siebenthal (1901, p. 345-346) to gray dense massive argillaceous dolomitic limestone exposed along Silver Creek northwest of the Falls of the Ohio, Clark County, Indiana (Droste and Shaver, 1986).
A description of this stratigraphic term is being revised or developed, and is not available at this time.
Regional Indiana usage:
Illinois Basin Margin (COSUNA 12)
Cement Beds (Rock), Hydraulic Limestone, New Chapel Chert Bed, Silver Creek Hydraulic Limestone, Waterlime
Geologic Map Unit Designation:
Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.
COSUNA areas and regional terminology
Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)
COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.
Burger, A. M., and Patton, J. B., 1970, Silver Creek Member, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 166–167.
Butts, Charles, 1915, Geology and mineral resources of Jefferson County, Kentucky: Kentucky Geological Survey, ser. 4, v. 3, pt. 2, 270 p.
Conkin, J. E., and Conkin, B. M., 1972, Guide to the rocks and fossils of Jefferson County, Kentucky, southern Indiana, and adjacent areas: Louisville, Ky., University of Louisville Reproduction Services, 331 p.
Conkin, J. E., Conkin, B. M., and Lipchinsky, L. Z., 1976, Middle Devonian (Hamiltonian) stratigraphy and bone beds on the east side of the Cincinnati Arch in Kentucky Pt. 2, The Kidds Store Section, Casey County: Louisville, Ky., University of Louisville Studies in Paleontology and Stratigraphy 6, 33 p.
Conkin, J. E., Conkin, B. M., and Lipchinsky, L. Z., 1980, Devonian black shale in the eastern United States—Pt. 1, Southern Indiana, Kentucky, northern and eastern Highland Rim of Tennessee, and central Ohio: Louisville, Ky., University of Louisville Studies in Paleontology and Stratigraphy 12, 63 p.
Cooper, G. A., and Warthin, A. S., Jr., 1941, New Middle Devonian stratigraphic names: Washington Academy of Sciences Journal, v. 31, p. 259–260.
Dawson, T. A., 1941, Outcrop in southern Indiana, pt. 1 of The Devonian formations of Indiana: Indiana Division of Geology, 48 p.
Droste, J. B., and Shaver, R. H., 1986, Silver Creek Member, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 144–145.
Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.
Meents, W. F., and Swann, D. H., 1965, Grand Tower Limestone (Devonian) of southern Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 389, 34 p.
Patton, J. B., and Dawson, T. A., 1955, Stratigraphy, in Murray, H. H., compiler, Sedimentation and stratigraphy of the Devonian rocks of southeastern Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Field Conference Guidebook 8, p. 16, 21–22, 25–26, and 37–43.
Rickard, L. V., 1975, Correlation of the Silurian and Devonian rocks in New York State: New York State Museum and Science Service Geological Survey Map and Chart Ser. 24, 16 p.
Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.
Siebenthal, C. E., 1901, The Silver Creek Hydraulic Limestone of southeastern Indiana: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 25, p. 331–389.
Stumm, E. C., 1964, Silurian and Devonian corals of the Falls of the Ohio: Geological Society of America Memoirs 93, 184 p.
Whitlatch, G. I., and Huddle, J. W., 1932, The stratigraphy and structure of a Devonian limestone area in Clark County, Indiana: Indiana Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 41, p. 363–390.
For additional information, contact:
Nancy Hasenmueller (email@example.com)Date last revised: January 12, 2021