Type locality: The Vienna Limestone was named by Stuart Weller (1920, p. 396-398) for limestone and shale exposed near Vienna, Johnson County, Illinois (Gray, 1970, 1986).
History of usage:
In Illinois: As originally described, the lower part of the formation was cherty limestone, and the upper part was black fissile shale (Gray, 1970, 1986). In discussing the Vienna as a unit in the standard Chesterian section, however, Swann (1963, p. 38, 84-85) restricted the name to the limestone unit, which is commonly 5 to 10 ft (1.5 to 3 m) thick (Gray, 1970, 1986).
On the outcrop in southern Indiana, the Vienna Limestone Member is commonly a single bed of light-colored fossiliferous limestone 1 to 5 ft (0.3 to 1.5 m) thick (Gray, 1978, p. 8-10). It can be traced through Perry County and western Crawford County but has not been recognized farther north, although the equivalent horizon extends to southwestern Orange County where it is disconformably transected by the base of the Mansfield Formation (Morrowan). In the subsurface the Vienna Limestone is recognized from Pike and Dubois Counties southwestward, although there too its horizon extends somewhat farther north (Swann, 1963, p. 38). Boundaries of the Vienna are conformable, and apparently restrictions on its extent were depositionally controlled.
Despite lapses in its occurrence, the Vienna is one of the more confidently traceable units in the upper Chesterian section (Gray, 1986). Continuity with the type section in southern Illinois is well established (Gray, 1986). On the basis of the conodonts it contains, the Vienna was assigned by Collinson, Rexroad, and Thompson (1971) to the Kladognathus primus Assemblage Zone of standard North American usage, but in a later study Rexroad (1981) found those fossils more indicative of restricted and specialized environment than helpful in precise age determination (Gray, 1986). The Vienna Limestone Member correlates with rocks within North American foraminiferal Zone 17 of Mamet and Skipp (1971) and within the lower part of the Namurian Series (Zone E1) of European usage (Gray, 1986).
Regional Indiana usage:
Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Geologic Map Unit Designation:
Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.
COSUNA areas and regional terminology
Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)
COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.
Atherton, Elwood, Collinson, Charles, and Lineback, J. A., 1975, Mississippian System, in Willman, H. B., Atherton, Elwood, Buschbach, T. C., Collinson, Charles, Frye, J. C., Hopkins, M. E., Lineback, J. A., and Simon, J. A., Handbook of Illinois stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, p. 123–163.
Collinson, Charles, Rexroad, C. B., and Thompson, T. L., 1971, Conodont zonation of the North American Mississippian: Geological Society of America Memoirs 127, p. 353–394.
Cumings, E. R., 1922, Nomenclature and description of the geological formations of Indiana, in Logan, W. N., Cumings, E. R., Malott, C. A., Visher, S. S., Tucker, W. M., Reeves, J. R., and Legge, H. W., Handbook of Indiana geology: Indiana Department of Conservation Publication No. 21, pt. 4, p. 403–570.
Gray, H. H., 1970, Vienna Limestone, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 183–184.
Gray, H. H., 1986, Vienna Limestone Member, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 162.
Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.
Malott, C. A., 1923, Geologic map of Perry County, Indiana, showing . . . readily traceable and recognizable members of the Chester Series . . .: [privately issued, blueprint copy].
Malott, C. A., 1925, The upper Chester of Indiana: Indiana Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 34, p. 103–132.
Malott, C. A., and Esarey, R. E., 1940, Outcrop of the Chester Series of southern Indiana: Indiana-Kentucky Geological Society, May 18, 1940, 9 p. [mimeo.].
Malott, C. A., and Thompson, J. D., Jr., 1920, The stratigraphy of the Chester Series of southern Indiana [abs.]: Science, new ser., v. 51, p. 521–522.
Mamet, B. L., and Skipp, B. A., 1971, Lower Carboniferous calcareous Foraminifera–preliminary zonation and stratigraphic implications for the Mississippian of North America: Sixieme Congres International de Stratigraphie et de Geologie du Carbonifere Sheffield, 1967, Compte rendu, v. 3, p. 1,129–1,146.
Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.
Swann, D. H., 1963, Classification of Genevievian and Chesterian (Late Mississippian) rocks of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Report of Investigations 216, 91 p.
Weller, Stuart, 1920, The Chester Series in Illinois: Journal of Geology, v. 28, p. 281–303 and 395–416.
For additional information, contact:
Nancy Hasenmueller (firstname.lastname@example.org)Date last revised: June 14, 2017