IGNIS
French Lick Coal Member

Age:

Pennsylvanian

Type designation:

Type section: The name "French Lick" was first applied to an exposure of coal in a whetstone quarry said to be in the SW¼NW¼ sec. 4, T. 2 N., R. 2 W., near French Lick, Orange County, Indiana (Franklin, 1939, p. 9; Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986). Gray, Jenkins, and Weidman (1960, p. 26-27), stated that Franklin's intended type section is probably in the NE¼NE¼ sec. 5, T. 1 N., R. 2 W. (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986).

History of usage:

Revised rank: This coal was accorded member status in the Mansfield Formation by Gray, Jenkins, and Weidman (1960, p. 26-27) (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986).

Description:

The French Lick Coal Member was commercially mined in the type area and was described by Franklin (1939) as bright, blocky, 2.4 ft (0.7 m) thick, and having no partings (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986). Stratigraphically, the coal lies immediately below or close to the so-called “Hindostan Whetstone Beds” and 40 to 60 ft (12 to 18 m) below the Pinnick Coal Member (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986). Ashley (1899, p. 1086) reported its maximum thickness as 1.8 ft (0.6 m).

Distribution: The French Lick Coal Member has been recognized along its outcrop in northwestern Orange County (Gray, Jenkins, and Weidman, 1960, pl. 1), southeastern Martin County (Hutchison, 1967), and northeastern Dubois County (Gray, Jenkins, and Weidman, 1960, pl. 1; Hutchison, 1964; Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986).

Miscellaneous information: This bed is one of several coals that in different areas were identified as Coal I by Ashley (1899, p. 1086), who reported its maximum thickness as 1.8 ft (0.6 m) (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986).

Boundaries:

The roof of the coal is generally thin carbonaceous shale that is overlain by sandy siltstone. The floor is underclay (Hutchison, 1970; Hutchison and Hasenmueller, 1986).

Regional Indiana usage:

Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Supergroup: none
Group: Raccoon Creek Group
Formation: Mansfield Formation
Member: French Lick Coal Member
Illinois Basin Margin (COSUNA 12)
Supergroup: none
Group: Raccoon Creek Group
Formation: Mansfield Formation
Member: French Lick Coal Member

Misc/Abandoned Names:

Coal I

Geologic Map Unit Designation:

Pmfl

Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.

COSUNA areas and regional terminology

Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)

Map showing the COSUNA areas (heavy black line) that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana, and the COSUNA numbers (large bold font) for these areas. The COSUNA boundaries are limited to state and county boundaries that facilitate coding.

COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.

Map showing major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.

Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.

References:

Ashley, G. H., 1899, The coal deposits of Indiana: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 23, p. 1-1,573.

Franklin, D. W., 1939, Lithologic and stratigraphic study of the Lower Pennsylvanian strata, Orange County, Indiana: Urbana, University of Illinois, master's thesis, 49 p.

Gray, H. H., Jenkins, R. D., and Weidman, R. M., 1960, Geology of the Huron area, south-central Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 20, 78 p.

Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.

Hutchison, H. C., 1964, Distribution, structure, and mined areas of coals in Dubois County, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Preliminary Coal Map 10.

Hutchison, H. C., 1967, Distribution, structure, and mined areas of coals in Martin County, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Preliminary Coal Map 11.

Hutchison, H. C., 1970, French Lick Coal Member, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 59-60.

Hutchison, H. C., and Hasenmueller, W. A., 1986, French Lick Coal Member, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 49.

Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.



For additional information contact:

Nancy Hasenmueller (hasenmue@indiana.edu)
Date last revised: November 22, 2016

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