Type locality: The name "Cypress Sandstone" was first used by Engelmann (1863, p. 189-190) for massive sandstone exposures in the bluffs along Cypress Creek, Union County, Illinois (Burger, 1970; Gray, 1986).
History of usage:
Revised: As redescribed by Swann (1963, p. 35) and Atherton and others (1975, p. 155), the Cypress is a complex of sandstone bodies totaling 100 ft (30 m) or more in thickness (Gray, 1986).
According to Puscas (1953) the Cypress Formation consists of white fine- to medium-grained sandstone, gray siltstone, and shale (Burger, 1970). It reaches a maximum thickness of 125 ft (38 m) (Gray, 1986).
The Cypress is underlain conformably by the Reelsville Limestone where the Reelsville is present. But, where that formation is absent, in and adjacent to an area called the "West Baden clastic belt," the position of the base of the Cypress cannot be determined because of the lithologic similarity of the Cypress to the underlying Sample Formation (Gray, 1986). The Cypress Formation is overlain conformably by the Beech Creek Limestone or disconformably by the Mansfield Formation (Morrowan) (Gray, 1986).
Petroleum production: The following petroleum fields have produced oil from the Cypress Formation (Mississippian) in Indiana: Algiers, Arda, Ash Iron Springs, Barker, Blairsville East, Boonville South, Bristow, Caborn Consolidated, Caborn West, Cannelburg, Cato, Centerville, Chrisney South, Claybank, Claypole Hills Consolidated, Coe South, College Consolidated, Columbia, Degonia Springs North, Duff North, Elliott, Eureka West, Footes Pond, Ford South, Fort Branch, Francisco Consolidated, Francisco North Consolidated, Francisco South Consolidated, Fulda West, Gentryville South, Grandview, Grandview West, Griffin Consolidated, Hamline Chapel, Harmon, Haysville West, Heusler Consolidated, Inman East, Iva West, Jasper Central, Jasper North, Jasper West, Johnson Consolidated, Lamott Consolidated, Liberal, Loogootee, Lynnville, Martin, Mauck, Monroe City Consolidated, Mt. Carmel Consolidated, Mt. Carmel North, Mt. Vernon Consolidated, Mumford Hills, Oak Grove, Oakland City Consolidated, Oliver South, Owensville Consolidated, Owensville North Consolidated, Parker Consolidated, Patoka East Consolidated, Patoka South, Pelzer, Point, Portersville, Powells Lake Consolidated, Princeton North Consolidated, Princeton West, Purcell, Rapture, Rockport Consolidated, St. Philip, St. Thomas Consolidated, St. Wendel Consolidated, Scott, Skelton, Smith Mills North, Spencer Consolidated, Springfield Consolidated, Spurgeon Consolidated, Tennyson, Thomas, Tri-County, Troy East Consolidated, Union-Bowman Consolidated, Veale, Vienna, Vienna South, Welborn Consolidate, Welborn North Consolidated, West Hovey, Wheatonville Consolidated, and Winslow (Cazee, 2004).
Regional Indiana usage:
Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Geologic Map Unit Designation:
Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.
COSUNA areas and regional terminology
Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)
COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.
Atherton, Elwood, Collinson, Charles, and Lineback, J. A., 1975, Mississippian System, in Willman, H. B., Atherton, Elwood, Buschbach, T. C., Collinson, Charles, Frye, J. C., Hopkins, M. E., Lineback, J. A., and Simon, J. A., Handbook of Illinois stratigraphy: Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 95, p. 123-163.
Burger, A. M., 1970, Cypress Formation, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 41.
Engelmann, Henry, 1863, On the Lower Carboniferous System in northern Illinois: Academy of Science of St. Louis Transactions, v. 2, p. 188-190.
Gray, H. H., 1986, Cypress Formation, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 33-34.
Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.
Malott, C. A., 1919, The "American Bottoms" region of eastern Greene County, Indiana–a type unit in southern Indiana physiography: Indiana University Studies, v. 6, no. 40, 61 p.
Puscas, George, 1953, The study of the Aux Vases Formation in the Monroe City oil field, Knox County, Indiana: Bloomington, Indiana University, master's thesis, 33 p.
Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.
Swann, D. H., 1963, Classification of Genevievian and Chesterian (Late Mississippian) rocks of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Report of Investigations 216, 91 p.
For additional information, contact:
Nancy Hasenmueller (firstname.lastname@example.org)Date last revised: March 16, 2021