Type section: Campbell (1946, p. 851) designated the type section of the Henryville Bed as an exposure of dark shale on Caney Fork Creek in lot 252, Clark's Grant in Clark County, Indiana, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southwest of the town of Henryville (Burger, 1970).
History of usage:
The Henryville Bed was originally named as a formation by Campbell (1946). Lineback (1968, p. 1,300) designated the Henryville as a bed of the Clegg Creek Member of the New Albany Shale in southeastern Indiana (Hasenmueller, 1986).
The Henryville consists of brownish-black to black fissile shale rich in organic matter and trace elements (Lechler and others, 1979) (Hasenmueller, 1986, 1993). It contains a few plant remains and a fauna of conodont and phosphatic brachiopods. The Henryville ranges from 0.4 to 1.7 ft (0.1 to 0.6 m) in thickness in the southeastern Indiana outcrop area. In the subsurface the Henryville is generally less than 5 ft (1.5 m) thick (Hasenmueller and Bassett, 1981) (Hasenmueller, 1986).
In southeastern Indiana the Henryville Bed is overlain by the Jacobs Chapel Bed and underlain by the Falling Run Bed or by the Underwood Bed where the latter is present (Hasenmueller, 1986).
The Henryville Bed contains a conodont fauna that is similar to the fauna in the middle part of the Hannibal Shale of Missouri and Illinois (Lineback, 1970) (Hasenmueller, 1986). The unit is correlated with part of the Sunbury Shale of Michigan, Ohio, and northeastern Indiana and with part of the Maury Formation of Tennessee (Lineback, 1970) (Hasenmueller, 1986).
Regional Indiana usage:
Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Geologic Map Unit Designation:
Note: Hansen (1991, p. 52) in Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey noted that letter symbols for map units are considered to be unique to each geologic map and that adjacent maps do not necessarily need to use the same symbols for the same map unit. Therefore, map unit abbreviations in the Indiana Geologic Names Information System should be regarded simply as recommendations.
COSUNA areas and regional terminology
Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)
COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.
Burger, A. M., 1970, Henryville Bed, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 71-72.
Campbell, Guy, 1946, New Albany Shale: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 57, p. 829-908.
Cluff, R. M., Reinbold, M. L., and Lineback, J. A., 1981, The New Albany Shale Group of Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey Circular 518, 83 p.
Conkin, J. E., and Conkin, B. M., 1975, The Devonian-Mississippian and Kinderhookian-Osagean boundaries in the east-central United States are paracontinuities: Louisville, Kentucky, University of Louisville Studies in Paleontology and Stratigraphy 4, 54 p.
Hansen, W. R., 1991, Suggestions to authors of the reports of the United States Geological Survey (7th ed.): Washington, D.C., U.S. Geological Survey, 289 p.
Hasenmueller, N. R., 1986, Henryville Bed, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 59-60.
Hasenmueller, N. R., 1993, New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian) of the Illinois Basin, in Roen, J. B., and Kepferle, R. C., eds., Petroleum geology of the Devonian and Mississippian black shale of eastern North America: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1909, Chapter C, p. C1-C19.
Hasenmueller, N. R., and Bassett, J. L., 1981, Stratigraphy, in Hasenmueller, N. R., and Woodard, G. S., eds., Studies of the New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian) and equivalent strata in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey, p. 5-32.
Hasenmueller, N. R., Boberg, W. S., Lumm, C. B., Frankie, W. T., Hamilton-Smith, T., and Comer, J. B., 1994, Stratigraphy, in Hasenmueller, N. R., and Comer, J. B., eds., Gas potential of the New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian) in the Illinois Basin: Indiana Geological Survey, Illinois Basin Consortium Illinois Basin Studies 2, p. 13-22.
Lechler, P. J., Hasenmueller, N. R., Bassett, J. L., and Leininger, R. K., 1979, Distribution and geochemical characterization of the Hannibal Member of the New Albany Shale in Indiana, in Third Eastern Gas Shales Symposium Proceedings: Morgantown, W. Va., U.S. Department of Energy METC\SP-79\6, p. 511-525.
Lineback, J. A., 1968, Subdivisions and depositional environments of New Albany Shale (Devonian-Mississippian) in Indiana: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 52, p. 1,291-1,303.
Reinbold, M. L., 1978, Stratigraphic relationships of the New Albany Shale Group (Devonian-Mississippian) in Illinois: Morgantown, W. Va., U.S. Department of Energy, Second Eastern Gas Shales Symposium Preprint, v. 1, p. 443-454.
Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.
For additional information, contact:
Nancy Hasenmueller (firstname.lastname@example.org)Date last revised: August 18, 2016